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大庆实验中学2018-2019学年度下学期第二次月考
高一英语试题
说明:1. 本套试题答题时间120分钟,总分为150分。
2. 本套试题共分四部分:听力、阅读理解、语言知识运用、写作。
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分20分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分 5 分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What is the man selling?
  A. Computers.                      B. Clothes.                  C. Cell phones.
2. How is Calvin?
  A. Responsible.                        B. Nice.                    C. Patient.
3. Where does the conversation take place?
  A. At the airport.                   B. In a plane.                C. In a bank.
4. What does the man think of using chopsticks?
  A. Easy.                          B. Difficult.                 C. Interesting.
5. What can we know about Harry?
  A. He often loses his temper.          B. He acts in a play.           C. He directs a play.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What can we know about the woman’s father?
  A. He’s 90 years old.        
  B. He lives in an apartment.        
  C. He lives with the woman.
7. How is the man’s grandma?
  A. Very wealthy.                    B. Very healthy.               C. Very independent.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. How long did the man stay at Washington, D.C.?
  A. A week.                         B. A few days.                C. Just one day.
9. Why was the man warmly welcomed there?
  A. He designed the World War II Monument.
  B. He was a soldier in World War II.
  C. He saved the city from pollution.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Why did the man stay up?
   A. To play computer games.         B. To research the programme.      C. To prepare for an exam.
11. What does the man think of sleeping?
   A. Very important.                B. He doesn’t know.               C. Unimportant.
12. How long at least does the woman sleep a day?
   A. 6 hours.                        B. 5 hours.                   C. 7 hours.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. What can we know about Chris’ family?
   A. There are ten people in total.]
   B. Her mother was an only child.
   C. Her father came from a small family.
14. What’s the problem in Chris’ big family?
   A. Her grandparents never get their names right.
   B. Children cannot have their own things.
   C. Children often fight and quarrel.
15. What is the age gap between the man and his younger brother?
   A. 8 years.                      B. 10 years.               C. 18 years.
16. What was the oldest child going to do when the last child was born in Chris’ family?
   A. Go to college.                 B. Get married.            C. Go to work.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. How long did Russians have to wait to taste their first Big Mac in 1990?
   A. Over 4 hours.                 B. Over 6 hours.           C. Over 8 hours
18. How many McDonald’s restaurants are being closed in Russia?
   A. 8.                          B. 9.                        C. 10.
19. What’s the main reason for the closures?
   A. Politics.                      B. Business.              C. Food safety.
20. What is many Russians’ attitude to the closures?
   A. Negative.                    B. Angry.                C. Positive.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
A
Kindle E-readers are designed for e-book readers, which satisfy your love of reading without interruptions like e-mail and notifications. They can hold thousands of books to keep you entertained for hours.
About Kindle Unlimited
Kindle Unlimited is a subscription (订阅) that allows you to access a large selection of titles from the Kindle Store, including books, audiobooks, and magazines. You can keep up to ten titles to read on any Amazon device (设备) or Kindle reading app and there are no due dates.
If you haven’t tried Kindle Unlimited before, you can sign up for a free 30-day trial. At the end of your free trial, you will be automatically (自动地) upgraded to a monthly-paid subscription plan. You can also pre-pay for several months of Kindle Unlimited, which will give you a few months as a gift.
Note:
To use Kindle Unlimited, you must have an Amazon account with a current, valid credit card and you must have 1-Click enabled. You can set up our 1-Click payment method by going to Manage Your Content and Devices, selecting the Settings Tab, and then clicking Edit Payment Method below Digital Payment Settings.
Titles in the Kindle Unlimited catalog may change at any time.
Sign Up for the Kindle Unlimited Free trial
You can sign up for a free 30-day trial if you haven’t tried Kindle Unlimited before.
Note: To sign up for the free trial, you must have an Amazon account with a current, valid credit card. Also, you must have 1-Click payments enabled. Go to Manage Addresses and 1-Click Settings to turn this on.
While you won’t be charged during your free trial, you will be automatically upgraded to a paid subscription plan at the end of the trial period. You can avoid the upgrade by following the directions in Manage Your Kindle Unlimited Subscription.
21. What do we learn about Kindle Unlimited?
A. It is a reading app.
B. It is an e-book store.
C. It is a reading service.
D. It is an Amazon device.
22. What will you need to use Kindle Unlimited?
A. An ID card and a bank card.
B. An e-mail account and a credit card.
C. An Amazon account and an ID card.
D. An Amazon account and a credit card.
23. If you sign up for a free 30-day trial,_______.
A. you can buy some books at a discount
B. you can read books for free at a fixed time
C. you can decide whether you will upgrade later
D. you can avoid having 1-Click payments enabled
24. What type of writing is this text?
A. A news report                B. A book review
C. An announcement            D. An advertisement
B
Kenneth Hansen, 46, was working with his brother late one May evening two years ago, putting the last pieces of siding on a house in Gratiot County, Michigan. He looked up to see his brother shouting at him and waving his arms anxiously. Then he heard screaming. Standing next door was a little boy yelling while four dogs barked at him.
At first, Hansen thought it was just a dogfight. Then alarm bells went off in his head. “The noises they made sounded like what dogs do when they’re killing something,” he says. Then the young boy suddenly appeared in the middle of the dogs wearing what looked like a red-and-white shirt. “That was when my hunch was proved right,” says Hansen. “He was shirtless and covered in blood, and those dogs were trying to kill him.”
Hansen raced across the grass, jumped over a six-foot-high fence, and landed in the neighbor’s yard. He shouted at the dogs, but they ignored him so he yelled louder until they left just long enough for Hansen to save eight-year-old Ethan Nokes.
Hansen ran to a back deck (木制平台). So did the dogs. When he reached the top, he pulled on a door; it wouldn’t open. “A dog bit Ethan’s foot, and I thought they were going to get him back from me,” he says. Hansen tried a second door, rushed inside and then shut Ethan in. He turned and faced the dogs surrounding him, barking. “I knew I had to get the dogs outside,” he says.
Hansen screamed and yelled until he got them out onto the plat and shut the door. The dogs sat outside, glaring at him. With the house quiet, he went to check on Ethan in the bedroom. The boy was covered in blood, still crying.
Doctors arrived soon after, and Ethan was rushed to a Grand Rapids hospital, where he was operated on for more than 30 bite wounds. It’s still unclear what sent the dogs into kill mode.
25. Why did Hansen’s brother wave his arms?
A. To greet a little boy.
B. To ask Hansen for help.
C. To make Hansen leave.
D. To scare some dogs away.
26. What does the underlined word “hunch” in Paragraph 2 refer to?
A. The boy was shirtless and injured.
B. The boy wore a red-and-white shirt.
C. The dogs were playing with the boy.
D. The dogs were trying to kill the boy.
27. What did Hansen do to save Ethan?
A. He rushed Ethan to hospital.
B. He took Ethan to a safe room.
C. He sent Ethan back to his parents.
D. He led the dogs to a faraway place.
C
You probably know that some fish eat other fish, but did you know there is one fish that has its own fishing pole? The anglerfish (琵琶鱼), found in deep parts of the Atlantic and Antarctic Oceans, has a long fin (鳍) that looks like a worm. Using this special fin, the anglerfish “fishes”. This is why it is called the “anglerfish”.
An anglerfish sits on the seafloor, blending (使混合) into its surroundings. The only part of its body that other fish notice is the fin. The anglerfish hangs the fin in front of its open mouth. When another fish sees the fin, it thinks it is a worm. The smaller fish swims closer and the anglerfish swallows it.
Although they sound frightening, most anglerfish are small. The color of the anglerfish can be brown, dark gray or black. An anglerfish has soft flesh and bones, and small eyes. Because of its round body it cannot swim very fast or straight. Instead, it sort of moves from side to side through the water.
The male anglerfish is smaller than the female and looks completely different. The male is the size of a small finger and is black in color. When he matures, his digestive system weakens, making it impossible for him to feed on his own. He must find a female or starve. With his hooked teeth, he attaches himself to the female. He bites into her, letting something out to break down the skin of his mouth and some skin on her body. The two fish blend together and become one. Even their blood vessels (脉管) join, becoming one system.
The male spends the rest of his life living like a parasite (寄生虫), getting his nourishment from the female’s body. A female anglerfish can carry six males on her body at once. A single female anglerfish is responsible for feeding herself and all the male anglerfish she carries.
28. The anglerfish is so named_______.
A. for its special feeding habit
B. because it looks like a worm
C. for its method of catching fish
D. because it lives in the deep sea
29. Which of the following prevents the anglerfish moving fast?
A. It is big in size.
B. It is short-sighted.
C. It has hard bones.
D. It has a round body.
30. What do we know about anglerfish according to the last two paragraphs?
A. A mature male can carry several females at once.
B. The female is smaller compared with the male.
C. The mature male cannot live without a female.
D. The female has no fishing pole unlike the male.
31. What would be the best title for the text?
A. The living conditions of the anglerfish
B. New species of the anglerfish found
C. The anglerfish’s survival skills
D. The life cycle of the anglerfish
D
Selfies (自拍照) are frequently seen on social media. Google statistics have shown that about 93 million selfies were taken per day in 2014, counting only those taken on Android smart phones. Selfie equipment such as selfie sticks is now common, so are selfie cameras on phones. And the word “selfie” was even added to the Oxford English Dictionary in 2013.
While selfies are extremely common, opinions on selfies can vary naturally, with some seeing them as a creative way of expressing feelings and connecting with other people and others seeing them as narcissistic (自恋的).
As a common cultural phenomenon, selfies are of interest to psychologists, in terms of how people think and feel when taking, posting and viewing both their own selfies and others’. In a recent study, Sarah Diefenbach, a professor at Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, did an online survey to assess people’s motives (动机) and judgments when taking and viewing selfies.
A total of 238 people living in Austria, Germany and Switzerland completed the survey. The researchers found that 77% of the participants regularly took selfies. Interestingly, 62-67% agreed on the potential negative effects of selfies. This was also explained by 82% of participants indicating they’d rather see other types of photos instead of selfies on social media. This phenomenon has been called the “selfie paradox (悖论)” by Diefenbach.
The key to the paradox may lie in the way the participants view their own selfies, compared with those of others. The participants think the selfies taken by others have greater self-presentational motives and less authenticity (真实性), while those taken by themselves are more authentic. “This may explain how everybody can take selfies without feeling narcissistic. If most people think like this, then it’s no wonder that the world is full of selfies,” Diefenbach explains.
32. What is the first paragraph mainly intended to show?
A. The objections to selfies.
B. The popularity of selfies.
C. The value of selfie tools.
D. The different views on selfies.
33. What attracts psychologists according to Paragraph 3?
A. How people take selfies.
B. Where people take selfies.
C. What people think of selfies.
D. How selfies show one’s feelings.
34. What can we learn about selfies from Sarah Diefenbach’s study?
A. Almost everyone likes taking selfies every now and then.
B. Most people enjoy taking selfies but not viewing selfies on social media.
C. Some people dislike showing their selfies on social media.
D. Few people prefer showing their own selfies to other people.
35. What does Diefenbach try to explain in the last paragraph?
A. Why people like taking selfies.
B. What the disadvantage of selfies is.
C. Why people view selfies as authentic.
D. How selfies influence one’s feelings.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
5 ways to get vegetables into your diet
If you have picky eaters at home, or you’re just stuck for ideas to put more vegetables on the plate, try these five ways to get creative and give your diet a healthy kick-start.
1. ___36____ One reason we don’t get enough of them is that many of us consider vegetables merely as a side dish to dinner. If you really want to increase your vegetable consumption, you could:
? choose salad as part of your everyday lunch.
? make scrambled eggs(炒蛋) a regular breakfast. ___37____
? eat leftover vegetables from last night’s dinner with breakfast or lunch.
? make vegetable sandwiches using almost any vegetable that won’t roll out of the bread.
2. Start your meal with a salad. ___38____By filling your stomach first with a nutrient-rich, low-calorie (低热量的) salad, there’ll be less room for the higher-calorie items that follow.
3. Move your vegetables to the top shelf of the fridge. If they’re bagged properly, the vegetables there will last well. ___39____Try keeping containers or zip-lock bags of cut-up vegetables handy for a quick snack.
4. ___40____One day a week, go vegetarian by replacing meat with vegetables and whole grains.
5. Have salad as a main course. Salad is a good example of a main course dinner: mixed greens, blanched(焯过的) green beans, boiled baby potatoes, etc.
A. Try meatless Monday.
B. Get vegetable into breakfast and lunch.
C. Never introduce high-fat food into your diet.
D. Meat should also be added to provide a balanced diet.
E. And they’ll be more easily seen, pushing you to get them more readily.
F. Start your dinner with a mixed green salad before you serve the main course.
G. Then you could use the eggs to hold together vegetables such as carrots and mushrooms.
第三部分:语言知识运用(共三节,满分55分)
第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
“Nobody can get out of life alive. Therefore, when you have opportunities, be brave and be thankful.” Those were ___41___ words said by 18-year-old Jake Bailey, a cancer patient.
Bailey was in the leading ___42___ of the Students’ Union. The young man had planned to speak at his high school’s end-of-year ceremony on schedule. ___43___, just the week before, he received shocking ___44___ that he had a fast-growing form of cancer. Doctors said, without ___45___, he would only have weeks to live, so they didn’t ___46___ him to take part in the event. But Bailey put on his school uniform along with his ___47__ face and left his hospital bed to give the inspiring speech to his ___48___. Without doubt, his appearance ___49___ everyone at the ceremony. Sitting in the wheelchair, he began to ___50___ his ideas. He expressed that a strong-willed person would not easily ___51___, no matter how hard life was.
At the speech, Bailey encouraged his schoolmates to ___52___ their time. “The future is truly in our hands. ___53___ about having impractical long-term dreams. Let’s be ___54___to short-term goals.” He___55___, “We don’t know where we might end up, or when we will end up, so work with pride on what is ___56___ us.”
When the senior ___57___ his speech with the school’s ___58___, “Altiora Peto,” which means “I fight for higher things”, the entire room burst into cheers.___59___, Bailey’s message was heard loud and clear. Bailey then closed his eyes and ___60___ the words “Thank you”.
41.    A. inspiring            B. ridiculous            C. convenient            D. amazing
42.    A. site                B. position            C. charge             D. location
43.    A. So                B. Instead            C. However             D. Besides    
44.    A. disaster            B. attack                C. news                D. pain
45.    A. treatment             B. hope                C. solution            D. diagnosis
46.    A. persuade            B. predict             C. warn                D. permit
47.    A. concerned            B. frightened            C. satisfied            D. determined
48.    A. friends                B. students            C. schoolmates        D. roommates
49.    A. shocked            B. stressed            C. amused            D. influenced
50.    A. explain            B. share                C. display            D. change
51.    A. run out            B. give in                C. pick up            D. cut down
52.    A. treasure            B. gain                C. explore            D. generate
53.    A. Talk                B. Forget                C. Care                D. Dream
54.    A. connected            B. limited            C. admitted            D. devoted
55.    A. sighed                B. commanded        C. continued            D. reacted
56.    A. in place of            B. in charge of         C. in front of            D. in terms of
57.    A. replaced            B. removed            C. began                D. ended
58.    A. motto                B. principle            C. rule                D. argument
59.    A. Thankfully            B. Enormously         C. Eventually            D. Obviously
60.    A. blew                B. mouthed            C. recorded            D. complained
第二节:单项填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
61.    The top leaders of the two countries had a talk in a friendly __________.
A. condition            B. situation            C. atmosphere            D. environment
62. New books have been given out to the students, _______ is happy with the books.
A. each of them        B. each of whom        C. that                D. whom
63. --The president will come to attend your lecture at 10:00 tomorrow.
--I’m sorry, by then my lecture will have just ended and I _________ my fans in my office.
A. have met                                B. will have met        
C. will meet                                D. will be meeting
64. Word came that the famous movie star was _________and charged with murder.
A. arrested            B. observed            C. forecast            D. represented
65. Tom often gets high marks. He is one of the students who _______ great importance to _______ homework.
A. attach; do            B. attach; doing        C. attaches; do            D. attaches; doing
66. Please keep an eye on my belongings, including the book on AI. I will be back ________.
A. at no time            B. in no time            C. in a time            D. at one time
67. --How did you react ________ your father’s suggestion?
--I reacted strongly ________ it.
A. on; to                B. on; with            C. against; with        D. to; against
68. The building ________Rome times has been rebuilt recently.
A. dates back to        B. date from            C. dating back to        D. dated from
69. The director commanded that everyone____________ his advice.
A. must follow                             B. follow             
C. followed                                 D. should be followed
70. Our company is passing a hard time, but we’re all________about its future development.
 A. concerned          B. optimistic            C. enthusiastic          D. impressive
第三节:语法填空(共10题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Do you wake up every night thinking of your favorite singer? Or do you wonder 71. __________ a TV presenter has for breakfast in the morning? If so, you may have Celebrity Worship Syndrome (名人崇拜综合征)(CWS). According to a study, one in three of us are addicted 72. __________ admiring celebrities and the number goes up.
One theory is that our modern lives are becoming more and more 73. __________ (control) by TV and the Internet and modern celebrities often take 74. __________ place of relatives, neighbors and close friends for many people.
The study of around 700 people aged 18 to 60 shows that there are three types of CWS. The 75. __________ (large) number of people —22 percent of the study — only have a small problem and they are likely 76. __________ (be) outgoing people with a passion for talking about their chosen celebrity. Another 12 percent have an intense personal type of relationship with their celebrity, while the 77. __________ (three) group, with the most extreme CWS, think their celebrity 78. __________ (know) them. These people are often introverted (内向的) and antisocial.
79. __________ (fortunate), most people’s interest in the rich and famous is quite normal and healthy. Dr. John Maltby of Leicester University says, “It is not necessarily a bad thing. Many people are 80. __________ (interest) in celebrities.” However, Dr. Maltby says, “Research is suggesting that people with CWS generally replace normal relationships with these fantasy (幻想) relationships.”
第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
文中共有10处语言错误。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
      2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
I remember one day that I was seven, my parents were away from home and I left alone. Though they gave me enough money to buy something to eat, but I decided to cook me a wonderful meal. I went to the market, buying some meat and tomatoes and then came back. After cooking, I cut up the meat into piece and put them in the pot. When the pot was hotter enough, I began to cook the meat. After that, I cooked some tomato soup with an egg in it. How deliciously the food tasted! Believe it or not, now I often act as the cook at home when my parents are busy.
第二节:书面表达 (满分25分)
假定你是李华,你所在的城市即将举办国际青少年足球赛,组委会现面向社会招聘英语志愿者。请你用英语给组委会写一封邮件,申请成为志愿者。要点如下:
1.    表达意愿;
2.    说明优势;
3.    希望获准。
注意:1. 词数100左右(开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数)
2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Dear Sir or Madam,
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua
 

月考答案
1-5 ABBAC        6-10 ACCBB        11-15 CACBB        16-20 ACBAC
21-24 CDCD         25-27 BDB          28-31 CDCC      32-35 BCBA   36-40 BGFEA
41-45 ABCCA        46-50 DDCAB      51-55 BABDC      56-60 CDADB
61-65 CBDAB      66-70 BDCBB
71. what          72. to          73. controlled      74. the              75. largest  
76. to be           77. third      78. knows          79. Fortunately      80. interested
改错
that—when        
I left --I was left        
but去掉            
me—myself        
buying—bought
After—Before        
piece—pieces            
hotter—hot        
deliciously—delicious
the cook—a cook
写作
Dear Sir or Madam
Thank you for taking your time to read my letter: I m a senior high school student. With the International Youth Football Matches approaching, I’d like to apply to be a volunteer.
I think I’m fit for the job. First of all, I' m enthusiastic about football matches. Second, I can speak English as fluently as the native speakers do, which enables me to have no difficulty in communicating with people I meet. What’s more, I have experience of volunteering and I know how to get along well with others.
In short, I’m eager to be a volunteer for the matches. I will do whatever I can to help if I am accepted. Looking forward to your reply
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua


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