1. Which place does the woman want to visit?
A. A bank. B. Wall Street. C. A shopping mall.
2. What’s the weather like now?
A. Cloudy. B. Sunny. C. Windy.
3. According to the woman, what does the man need urgently now?
A. A good rest in hospital. B. Relaxing travel by air. C. Further medical treatment.
4. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Lifeguard and swimmer. B. Brother and sister. C. Friends.
5. How will the man pay probably?
A. With a card. B. By check. C. In cash.
6. How old is the girl?
A. She’s in college. B. She’s in high school. C. She’s in kindergarten.
7. When will the girl go to the dance?
A. At this weekend. B. At the end of the month. C. At the end of the summer.
8. Who might the man be?
A. A writer. B. A book shop worker. C. A radio broadcast host.
9. According to the woman，what is the most dangerous room?
A. The bathroom. B. The kitchen. C. The bedroom.
10. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. Child safety at home. B. A new book. C. Hospital treatment in Britain.
11. What does the man like to do?
A. Go jogging. B. Read stories. C. Create art projects.
12. Which class is the woman taking now?
A. A digital photography class. B. A black-and-white photography class.
C. A painting class at the YMCA.
13. Where will the man get a camera?
A. From the website. B. From his brother. C. From his mother.
14. Which city does the man want to go to?
A. New York. B. Toronto. C. London.
15. How does the woman suggest the man get to his final destination?
A. By taxi. B. By subway. C. By airport shuttle.
16. How long will it take the man to collect his luggage?
A. Less than an hour. B. About an hour and thirty minutes. C. At least two hours.
17. Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. At an airport information center B. On the telephone. C. At an ticket office.
18. At what time did the power go out?
A. 5:30 p.m. B. 5:45 p.m. C. 6:07 p.m.
19. Which building still has electricity?
A. The cafeteria. B. The McKinley dorm. C. The gym.
20. What do you know about the classes in the affected buildings?
A. They’ll continue in two weeks. B. They will take place outside.
C. They’ve been canceled.
第二部分 阅读理解 (共两小节，满分40分)
Suppose you’re in a rush, feeling tired, not paying attention to your screen, and you send an email that could get you in trouble.
Realization will probably set in seconds after you’ve clicked “send”. You freeze in horrors and burn with shame.
What to do? Here are four common email accidents, and how to recover.
Clicking “send” too soon
Don’t waste your time trying to find out if the receivers have read it yet. Write another email as swiftly as you can and send it with a brief explaining that this is the correct version and the previous version should be ignored.
Writing the wrong name
The sooner you notice, the better. Respond quickly and briefly, apologizing for your mistake. Keep the tone measured: don’t handle it too lightly, as people can be offended, especially if your error suggests a misunderstanding of their culture.
Clicking “reply all” unintentionally
You accidentally reveal to entire company what menu choices you would prefer at the staff Christmas dinner, or what holiday you’d like to take. In this instance, the best solution is to send a quick, light-hearted apology to explain your awkwardness. But it can quickly rise to something worse, when everyone starts hitting “reply all” to join in a long and unpleasant conversation. In this instance, step away from your keyboard to allow everyone to calm down.
Sending an offensive message to its subject
The most awkward email mistake is usually committed in anger. You write an unkind message about someone, intending to send it to a friend, but accidentally send it to the person you’re discussing. In that case, ask to speak in person as soon as possible and say sorry. Explain your frustrations calmly and sensibly—see it as an opportunity to hear up any difficulties you may have with this person.
21. After realizing an email accident, you are likely to feel _______.
A. curious B. tired C. awful D. funny
22. If you have written the wrong name in an email, it is best to ________.
A. apologies in a serious manner B. tell the receiver to ignore the error
C. learn to write the name correctly D. send a short notice to everyone
23. What is the passage mainly about?
A. Defining email errors. B. Handling email accidents.
C. Reducing email mistakes. D. Improving email writing.
Researchers at Birminghamfound about one in five teenagers now have some degree of hearing damage. The researchers did not say why hearing loss has risen, but other experts have strong suspicions. One likely criminal, they say, is MP3 players.
An MP3 player can be dangerous to hearing when its decibel (分贝) level is turned up too high. High-decibel sounds can damage nerve endings, called hair cells. If a sound is loud enough, the damage can be permanent. A loud sound can shake the membrane (薄膜) on which the hair cells sit “like an earthquake”. That shake can break or even uproot hair cells. When that happens, the hair cells are finished. Human ears cannot regrow hair cells. Therefore, when listening to an MP3 player, set a volume limit and avoid exposure to loud sounds.
On the other hand, the loudness of today’s music may not be totally under your control. Music companies have been purposely turning up the volume. It’s a trend called the fight for loudness.
Play a CD from the 1990s. Then play a newly released tune. Don’t touch the volume control. You’ll probably notice that the new CD sounds louder than the old one. Why? Sound engineers who create CDs are using dynamic range compression, a technology that makes the quiet parts of a song louder and the loud parts quieter. The overall effect of compression is a louder recording.
Many musicians and sound engineers aren’t pleased. They say that compression is driving down the quality of today’s music, making it sound flat and blaring. Gray Hobish, a sound engineer, explains that music should be a combination of loudness and softness. But music companies want to make music louder so it will stand out. That’s important in the competition among recording companies.
What about listeners? Many teenagers listen to music on the go in noisy places and through headphones, all of which reduce sound quality. So young listeners may not notice the poorer quality of modern recordings. “To their ears,” says Hobish, “the music sounds fine. And they are not aware of the hidden threat of the music they are enjoying.”
24. The phrase “like an earthquake” in Para. 2 aims to explain .
A. that volume can strongly affect parts of the ear
B. how our body is unable to regrow hair cells
C. how much damage the ear can avoid
D. that hair cells are easily damaged
25. What can we learn about today’s music business?
A. New technology improves the quality of music.
B. Young listeners today prefer louder sound.
C. Music companies sacrifice quality for loudness.
D. Sound engineers face tough competition.
26. What is probably the best title for the passage?
A. The Loudness War B. Are You a Good Listener?
C. The Damaged Ears D. Your Hearing Is Going!
One of the most practical parts of my college education (and my entire education) was my student teaching. For six months, I gradually took over until I was completely teaching the class. It wasn’t quite the same as a real teaching job. However, it was definitely a good way to get some real world experience. School should prepare students for the job market. Therefore, are our kids receiving enough practical education so they can be successful in the real world?
When teaching kids, it’s important to be able to have a purpose for everything we teach. As parents and teachers, we should ask ourselves: what can this be used for when kids enter the job market? I can think about a college class I took where we had to analyze various movies. I honestly can’t think of how analyzing “Rambo” benefited me. Perhaps, I would have been better off taking an auto shop class or a carpentry class. After all, I can’t change a tire and I’m completely incapable when it comes to using power tools.
Perhaps, learning how to think is not enough. Rather than focusing on standardized tests so much, schools need to give students more practical application. Cooking is actually helpful when teaching children about fractions, measuring and multiplication. Students can learn how to double a recipe and see the relationship between 1/4 and 1/3 cup. As kids get into the upper grades, money management should be a focus. Making a budget and learning about interest rates are good ideas. I used to give my students real restaurant menus and a budget. They had to come up with what they could buy, including the tip with a set amount of money.
It appears that some high schools are doing a better job of preparing students for the real world. For instance, according to NBC News, in Michigan, “the Utica Center for Science and Industry uses technology to prepare students for automotive and military industry jobs.” The program aims to combine students’ skills with employers’ needs. Students take optional courses in areas such as “multimedia, engineering or mechatronics” and also take part in activities where there isn’t one right answer. For me, giving kids the opportunity to create is the key point. So far, the program is showing success.
According to a Gallup poll, fifty-seven percent of American workers say “the type of work they do generally” does not require “a bachelor’s or a more advanced degree”. Therefore, if a college degree isn’t helping the majority of Americans at their job, then what is required? Many jobs require a skill. Electricians and contractors have specific skills that allow them to complete their jobs. Whether students go to a four-year school or not, I think it’s important for everyone to have a skill. After all, a Forbes article states that half of college graduates are working at jobs that don’t require a degree. Clearly, being smart and qualified isn’t always enough to make it in the real world.
I’m going to encourage my kids to go to college and earn a degree. I’m also going to encourage them to think outside of the box and give them a practical education too. After all, you never know where life will take you.
27. The author mentions his student teaching in order to ______.
A. show his experiences in teaching B. tell us the importance of experiences
C. introduce the topic of the text D. advise us to learn well at school
28. What does the underlined word “Rambo” in the second paragraph refer to?
A. Name of a film. B. A film producer. C. A kind of plants. D. Name of a subject.
29. What does the Gallup poll show us?
A. More and more Americans hate to go to school.
B. American schools don’t prepare their students for their jobs.
C. Most of the rich Americans don’t graduate from colleges.
D. Most of American jobs do not require high degrees.
30. What’s the topic of this passage?
A. No one is too sure about his or her own life.
B. More practical education should be given to students.
C. college degree is more important than anything else.
D. Half of college graduates don’t live on their degree.
The fence was long and high. He put the brush into the whitewash and moved it along the top of the fence. He repeated the operation. He felt he could not continue and sat down.
He knew that his friends would arrive soon with all kinds of interesting plans for the day.
They would walk past him and laugh. They would make jokes about his having to work on a beautiful summer Saturday. The thought burned him like fire.
He put his hand into his pockets and took out all that he owned. Perhaps he could find some way to pay someone to do the whitewashing for him. But there was nothing of value in his pockets—nothing that could buy even half an hour of freedom. So he put the bits of toys back into his pockets and gave up the idea.
At this dark and hopeless moment, a wonderful idea came to him. It filled his mind with a great, bright light. Calmly he picked up the brush and started again to whitewash.
While Tom was working, Ben Rogers appeared. Ben was eating an apple as he walked along the street. As he walked along it, he was making noises like the sound of a riverboat. First he shouted loudly, like a boat captain. Then he said “Ding-Dong-Dong”,“Ding-Dong-Dong” again and again, like the bell of a riverboat. And he made other strange noises. When he came close to Tom, he stopped.
Tom went on whitewashing. He did not look at Ben. Ben stared a moment and then said: “Hello! I’m going swimming, but you can’t go, can you?”
No answer. Tom moved his brush carefully along the fence and looked at the result with the eye of an artist. Ben came nearer. Tom’s mouth watered for the apple, but he kept on working.
Ben said,“Hello, old fellow, you’ve got to work, hey？”
Tom turned suddenly and said, “Why, it’s you, Ben! I wasn’t noticing.”
“Say—‘I’m going swimming. Don’t you wish you could? But of course you’d rather work—wouldn’t you? Of course you would.”
Tom looked at the boy a bit, and said, “What do you call work？”
“Why, isn’t that work？”
Tom went back to his whitewashing, and answered carelessly.
“Well, maybe it is, and maybe it isn’t. All I know is, it suits Tom Sawyer.”
“Oh come, now, you don’t mean to say that you like it？”
The brush continued to move.
“Like it? Well, I don’t see why I shouldn’t like it. Does a boy get a chance to whitewash a fence every day？”
Ben stopped eating his apple. Tom moved his brush back and forth, stepped back to look at the result, added a touch here and there, and stepped back again. Ben watched every move and got more and more interested. Soon he said, “Say, Tom, let me whitewash a little.”
Tom thought for a moment, and was about to agree, but he changed his mind.
“No—no—it won’t do, Ben. You see, Aunt Polly wants this fence to be perfect. It has got to be done very carefully. I don’t think there is one boy in a thousand, maybe two thousand, that can do it well enough.”
“No—is that so? Oh come, now—let me just try. Only just a little.”
“Ben, I’d like to, but if it isn’t done right, I’m afraid Aunt Polly …”
“Oh, I’ll be careful. Now let me try. Say—I’ll give you the core of my apple.”
“Well, here—No, Ben, now don’t. I’m afraid …”
“I’ll give you all of it.”
Tom gave up the brush with unwillingness on his face, but joy in his heart. And while Ben worked at the fence in the hot sun, Tom sat under a tree, eating the apple, and planning how to get more help. There were enough boys. Each one came to laugh, but remained to whitewash. By the time Ben was tired, Tom sold the next chance to Billy for a kite; and when Billy was tired, Johnny bought it for a dead rat—and so on, hour after hour. And when the middle of the afternoon came, Tom had won many treasures.
And he had not worked. He had had a nice idle time all the time, with plenty of company, and the fence had been whitewashed three times. If he hadn’t run out of whitewash, Tom would have owned everything belonging to his friends.
He had discovered a great law of human action, namely, in order to make a man or a boy want a thing, it is only necessary to make the thing difficult to get.
31. How many characters are mentioned in this story?
A. 4 B. 5 C. 6 D. 7
32. Why did Tom take all his bits of toys out of his pockets?
A. Because he was tired and wanted to play with his toys.
B. Because he wanted to give his toys to his friends.
C. Because he wanted to throw his toys away.
D. Because he wanted to know if he could buy help with his toys.
33. Tom was about to agree to let Ben whitewash when he changed his mind because ________.
A. Tom wanted to do the whitewashing by himself
B. Tom planned to make Ben give up his apple first
C. Tom was unwilling to let Ben do the whitewashing
D. Tom was afraid Ben would do the whitewashing better
34. We can learn from the passage that ________.
A. Tom was interested in whitewashing the fence
B. Tom had a lot of friends who are ready to help others
C. Tom was unwilling to whitewash the fence, but he managed to let other boys do it for him
D. Tom was good at whitewashing the fence, so he looked at the result of work with the eye of
35. What made Ben Rogers eagerly give up his apple and offer to brush the fence for Tom?
A. His curiosity about Tom’s brushing job. B. His warm heart and kindness to friends.
C. Tom’s threat. D. Aunt Polly’s idea.
Anger seems simple when we are feeling it, but the causes of anger are various. Knowing these causes can make us examine our behavior, and correct bad habits. The main reasons we get angry are triggering events, personality traits (特征), and our assessment of situations. 36
Triggering events for anger are so many that to describe them all would take hundreds of pages. However, here are some examples: being cut off in traffic, a deadline approaching, experiencing physical pain, and much more. 37 The reason why someone is triggered by something and others are not is often due to one's personal history and psychological traits.
Each person, no matter who they are, has psychological imbalances. People who have personality traits that connect with competitiveness and low upset tolerance are much more likely to get angry. 38 Also, sometimes pre-anger does not have to do with a lasting condition, but rather a temporary state before a triggering event has occurred.
39 Sometimes even routine occurrences become sources of pre-anger, or anger itself. Sometimes ignorance and negative outlooks on situations can create anger.
40 However, anger can easily turn violent, and it is best to know the reasons for anger to appear in order to prevent its presence. With these main reasons in mind, we can evaluate our level of anger throughout the day and prevent cases of outbursts by comprehending the reasons for our feelings.
A. Our attitude and viewpoint on situations can create anger within us as well.
B. But some types of situations can help us to get rid of the occurrence of anger.
C. Anger is rarely looked upon as a beneficial character trait, and is usually advised to reduce it.
D. Anger is a particularly strong feeling and maybe people think that they have reasons to feel angry.
E. Having these personality traits implies the pre-anger state, where anger is in the background of your mind.
F. Understanding these reasons will control our own anger if we are willing to evaluate ourselves with a critical eye.
G. Not everyone acts the same in response to events, and that is why what triggers one person may or may not trigger another.
At age 14, 15 and 16, the way we looked was the most important thing in the world to us. My friends and I wanted nothing less than perfection.
In high school, we joined the gymnastics team, and our 41 became even more important to us. We had no fat, only muscle. On the weekends, we would go to the beach, 42 of our flat stomachs.
One summer day, all my friends were at my house 43 . At one point, I was running back to the pool. I 44 on a bee, and while it was dying under my foot, it stung(蛰) me. I instantly started to feel 45 . That night, I began to run a high fever and my leg and foot were red, hot and swollen. I couldn’t walk. I could barely 46 .
When my foot started to go numb, everyone became more 47 . My foot was not getting enough blood. I had to go to the 48 , and my leg hurt as if it were badly broken. I couldn’t move. All I could do was think about how soft my middle was becoming. That 49 me more than any concern over my leg.
That would all 50 when I heard the doctors mention possibly cutting off my foot. It was still not getting the 51 supply it needed. The doctors would have to speed up their treatment.
Never before did I have such great 52 for my foot. And walking seemed like a 53 from the gods. Less and less would I want to hear my friends talk about 54 and who was wearing what. More and more I expected visits from other kids in the hospital, who were quickly becoming my friends.
One girl came to visit me 55 . Every time she came, she brought flowers. She was recovering from cancer and felt she should come back and 56 the other patients.
She still had no hair, and she was swollen from medications she had been taking. I would not have given this girl a second 57 before. I now loved every inch of her and looked forward to her 58 .
Finally, I was improving and soon I went home. My leg was still swollen, 59 I was walking, and I had my foot! When I would go back to the hospital, I often saw my friend. She was still visiting people and 60 good cheer. I thought if even there was an angel on this earth, it had to be her.
41. A. grades B. brains C. bodies D. clothes
42. A. proud B. ashamed C. sure D. tired
43. A. dancing B. chatting C. jogging D. swimming
44. A. stepped B. focused C. held D. took
45. A. upset B. fearful C. anxious D . sick
46. A. jump B. run C. stand D. rest
47. A. concerned B. relieved C. surprised D. interested
48. A. beach B. hospital C. gym D. school
49. A. blamed B. troubled C. shocked D. impressed
50. A. change B. bother C. help D. happen
51. A. nutrition B. time C. blood D. air
52. A. observation B. devotion C. appreciation D. evaluation
53. A. gift B. hand C. promise D. treat
54. A. homework B. appointment C. movies D. gymnastics
55. A. suddenly B. regularly C. eventually D. recently
56. A. advise B. encourage C. serve D. instruct
57. A. choice B. thought C. glance D. chance
58. A. words B. ideas C. flowers D. visits
59. A. for B. then C. so D. but
60. A. spreading B. gaining C. discovering D. enjoying
On Aug 13, four Chinese irrigation (灌溉) sites won global (61) ______ (recognize) and were added to the 2018 list of Heritage Irrigation Structures, among (62) ______ Dujiangyan is the oldest and only surviving damless irrigation system in the world.
Built over 2, 000 years ago in (63) ______ is now Sichuan Province in Southwest China, this amazing engineering achievement is still playing a crucial role in irrigating farms and providing water resources for more than 50 cities in the province.
In ancient times, the region in which Dujiangyan now stands (64) ______ (threaten) by frequent flooding from the Minjiang River. Li Bing, a local official of Sichuan Province at that time, together with his son, decided to construct an irrigation system on the Minjiang River (65)______ (prevent) flooding. After many studies, they found the (66) ______ (simple) solution was to build a dam, but this would have ruined the Minjiang River. So instead Li designed (67)______ series of channels that would take away the floodwater and leave the river flowing (68) ______ (nature). Better still, the extra water could be directed to the dry Chengdu Plain, (69) ______ (make) it suitable for farming.
Ever since the great Dujiangyan Irrigation System was completed, the Chengdu Plain has been free (70) ______ flooding and the people there have been living peacefully.
My husband and I were having a walk the other night. Suddenly, I noticed lots of garbage lying on all sides of the road. So I went home in a hurry, thought cleaning up the garbage could make the difference to the neighborhood. The moment when I got home, I took out a pair of glove and a large garbage bag. Then I came back but picked up the cans, bottles, and paper boxes on the road. Final, I carefully sorted them out. My husband warned, “Stopping it! Other people will look down you.” But I didn’t care. Sometimes we just had to do what is right in our heart.
第二节 单词拼写 （共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分）
81. The old man reached out and g___________ Polly’s arm.
82. Male and female employees should be treated without d___________.
83. Loulan, a c___________ city, was busy and wealthy about 2,000 years ago.
84. They took Socrates to court for c___________ the young people of Athens.
85. Many a student usually c___________ the teacher before making important decisions.
86. ---What happened after the Customs Officer unscrewed the cap and put the bottle to his nostrils?
---He was g________ by an unpleasant smell which convinced him that I was telling the truth.
87. ---What kind of picture do most of us form as for the life on a desert island?
---Most of us have formed an u___________ picture of life on a desert island.
88. ---What was the man’s response when Mrs. Richards walked towards him?
--- When Mrs. Richards walked towards him, he f___________, slamming the door behind him.
89. ---What did the Florentines do after Sir John Hawkwood’s death?
---The Florentines gave him a state funeral and had a picture painted which was d___________
to the memory of ‘the most valiant soldier and most notable leader, Signor Giovanni Haukodue’.
90. ---What did the people do after George found that he could not get his arm out?
---A crowd of people gathered round him and a lady rubbed his arm with soap and butter, but
George was firmly s___________.
1-5 ABCAC 6-10 BBCBA 11-15 BABBC 16-20 AAABC
第一节A篇CAB B篇ACD C篇CADBD篇 BDBCA
第一节41-45CADAD 46-50 CABBA 51-55 CCADB 56-60 BCDDA
第二节61. recognition 62. which 63. what 64. was threatened 65. to prevent 66. simplest 67. a 68. naturally 69. making 70. of / from
3. the改成a, 考查make a difference;
6. 将but改成and, 考查逻辑连词;
9. 在look down后面添加介词on或者upon, 考查固定短语；
第二节81. grasped 82. distinction 83. commercial 84. corrupting 85. consults86. greeted 87. unrealistic 88. fled 89. dedicated 90. stuck
How is everything going? I feel terribly sorry for missing the chance of answering your letter in time. You know, I’ve been preparing for the final exams these days, so I forgot to write back. In your letter, you asked me for my plans on summer vacation. Now, I’m writing to tell you some specific details.
Overall, three things will make my summer vacation meaningful. To start with, doing a part-time job is my dream and I intend to work as a salesman because not only can I earn money by myself, but also it will broaden my horizons. In addition, it is a fabulous choice to visit some scenic spots such as Mount Tai during the vacation, in order to enjoy appealing scenery and make more friends. What’s more, doing voluntary work, I think, will make a great contribution to the society, which is able to enrich my life.
I sincerely apologize again for my mistake. By the way, what’s your plan to spend your summer vacation? I’m looking forward to your reply.