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 沈阳铁路实验中学2018—2019学年度下学期第一次月考
高一英语
时间:100分钟            满分:120分
本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。考试结束,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
第Ⅰ卷
第一部分: 阅读理解 (共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Ender’s Game
Aliens (外星人)have attacked Earth twice and almost destroyed the human beings. We couldn’t lose anymore. Therefore, the world government has started to train military geniuses(军事人才) in the art of war. Ender Wiggin is taking part in this training. He wins all the games. He knows time is running out but can he save the planet?it is a good science fiction for boys.
Hatchet
It is the story of a boy named Brian. On a trip to the Canadian oilfields to spend the summer with his dad, the pilot of the Cessna he is traveling in suffers a heart attack and dies. Brian must land the plane in the forest. Brian learns to exist in the forest. He faces many dangers including hunger, animal attacks, and even a tornado.
Ball Don’t Lie
Sticky, 17, is from the  streets and has had a tough life so far. But, his hope for his life to be good and get better is basketball. His basketball skills may be his ticket to a better life. This book is encouraging, and raises questions about race and the difficulties in getting ahead in life when you’ve had a bad start.
Crackback
Miles Manning likes to please people, his father, his coach, and his friends. He is a starter on a winning football team that is favored to win the match and have a chance to go to state. However, everybody is pressing Miles to be bigger, stronger and faster, including his new head coach, his demanding father, and his best friend.
She
A college professor and his young student follow instructions on a broken pottery shard(陶瓷碎片)that lead them to a fabled(传说中的) lost city in the jungles(丛林) of Africa, where they encounter She Who Must Be Obeyed, the ruler of the land.
1. Why does the world government train military geniuses in Ender’s Game?
A To attack aliens in the future.                    B To help people learn more about wars.
C to make sure humans win the next war.           D To destroy the planet aliens are living on
2. Which book is suitable for Johnson who is interested in wilderness self-help?
A  Crackback.               B Ball Don’t Lie.       C She.                  D Hatchet.
3. Which two books are related to sports?
A Ender’s Game and Crackback                    B Ball Don’t Lie and Hatchet.
C She and Hatchet.                               D Ball Don’t Lie and Crackback.
B
Stages of Hurricane:Simple Storms Grow Into Giants
A storm progresses through four different stages before it is actually considered a hurricane. First is a tropical disturbance (热带扰动),which has thunderstorms and rotating(旋转)winds. Next is a tropical depression(热带低气压), which is similar to a tropical disturbance, but has winds between 23 and 39 miles per hour. A tropical storm is the next level, which has stronger wind speeds between 40and 73 miles per hour. Once winds reach 74 miles per hour the storm is officially called a hurricane. The wind picks up energy from the warm surface ocean water.
As a hurricane crosses over land, it begins to become weaker or break apart and reduce in strength. This is because it is no longer over the warm ocean water that it needs for energy. At this point, a hurricane can still cause a lot of damage because of high winds, rain, and flooding. But unless it makes its way back over the open ocean, it is downgraded from a hurricane back to a tropical storm.
What’s Your Name, Hurricane?
Hurricanes and tropical storms are given names to help people recognize them. Scientists refer to hurricanes and storms by name as they track them across the ocean.
Before 1953, hurricanes were not given official names. From 1953 through 1978, hurricanes were only given female names, like Isabel, Camille, Claudette, and Wilma. Beginning in 1979, hurricanes were given the names of both women and men. Today, the names alternate male and female, and they are named in order of letters.
For example, in 2010, storms were named as follows: Alex(male), Bonnie(female), Colin(male), Danielle(female), Earl(male) and so on...
There are six different lists of names that change, so the same names are used every six years. The only way that a new name is added is when a hurricane has been particularly deadly or costly and the name is retired, then replaced with a new one.
4. Which of the following is the right order of stages of a hurricane?
A Tropical depression, tropical disturbance, tropical storm, hurricane
B Tropical disturbance,tropical depression, tropical storm, hurricane
C Tropical storm, tropical depression, tropical disturbance, hurricane
D Tropical storm, tropical disturbance, tropical depression, hurricane
5. What happens when a hurricane crosses over land?
A It breaks apart and forms tornadoes.                B It returns to the ocean afterwards.
C It moves more quickly.                        D It becomes less powerful.
6. The underlined word “alternate” in paragraph 4 means “________”.
A take turns between        B carry on            C come from            D cause trouble to
7. What do we know about the hurricanes?
A Six common hurricane names are often used.        B An old name will be replaced every year.
C Most of them are deadly and costly.                D They didn’t have official names until 1953.
C
When Nora Gross was just four years old, she and her father passed a homeless man. Concerned about the cold winter weather, Gross asked, “Can we take him home?” Her question became the starting point of a project that has become one of the largest youth philanthropy(慈善行为) programs in the world.
Gross’s big idea was small coins. She knew that pennies often seem like worthless things. But she thought that if she and other students could gather enough of them, the money could really make a difference. This was the beginning of the Penny Harvest. Today, more than half a million students take part in the program. In its first 20 years, the Penny Harvest has collected $8.1 million in pennies!
Gross and her father founded Common Cents, a not-for-profit(非盈利的)organization, to manage their money collecting efforts. They believe the penny drives can help develop young people’s generosity and moral(道德的) character. After the pennies are collected, students form philanthropy roundtables to discuss community problems and to decide where to donate(捐) the collected money. Many students become inspired by the process and go on to become volunteers at the organizations they support, which include animal care facilities, community gardens, senior centers, and homeless shelters.
Teddy Gross explains: “We at Common Cents regard America’s billion-dollar resource of pennies —found in large quantities in the homes of both the rich and poor—as the philanthropic belongings of young people. For this reason, every penny the children collect is theirs to give away in an educational group process.” The students devoted to the Penny Harvest have changed the world for the better, and they have learned valuable lessons about caring for others in their communities.
8. What was the basis of Nora Gross’s idea of taking the homeless man home?
A We should prepare for extreme weather.           B We should take care of people in need.
C We should set homes for the homeless.            D We should be more careful with money.
9. The Penny Harvest was created to help young people ______.
A know the running of non-profit organizations        B get rid of worthless pocket change
C contribute to their communities                    D learn how to raise money
10. Teddy Gross would most likely agree that young people _______.
A are always full of strange plans                    B must be taught to be generous
C can run businesses much better than adults            D can be trusted to make smart giving decisions
11. According to the last paragraph, Common Cents is ________.
A a strong respond to penny waste                    B a powerful voice against poverty
C a positive force for social change                D a group effort to solve housing problems
D
When researchers in the United States compared school lunches to home packed lunches, parents got a failing grade.
Researchers in Massachusetts inspected lunches belonging to about 600 grade three and four students at 12 different schools in the state. They found that lunches packed at home were generally less nutritious (有营养的)than meals provided by schools.
School cafeterias(自助餐厅)in the United States must follow the rules set out by the National School Lunch Program(NSLP), a government service that provides low-cost or free lunches to students. The rules require schools to serve more fruit, vegetables, whole grain and low-fat dairy products(乳制品). School must also limit the amounts of fat, salt and sugar in the food they serve.
The researchers found that none of the packed lunches they examined met all of the requirements on the NSLP list. Only 27 percent of the packed lunches met at least three of the requirements. Ninety-five percent of all the lunches did not contain a serving of vegetables. One in four lunches did not include a main food item. Instead, they contained packaged snacks and desserts. The researchers said they were surprised by the amount of sugary drinks and packaged foods—like potato chips, cookies and fruit snacks—they found in the lunches.
Since about 40 percent of American school children bring their lunch, unhealthy food in their lunchboxes could have serious results. Serving nutritious food to children not only keeps them healthy and ready to learn, it also helps to develop good eating habits, and it can affect their future health.
Jeanne Goldberg, the professor who led the lunchbox study in Massachusetts, said the researchers recognize that parents have to consider the cost and convenience of lunch foods as well as what their children will actually eat.
“Unfortunately, these factors are not always in harmony with good nutrition,” she said.
Even if parents pack healthy lunches, there is no way to make sure their children eat them. Professor Goldberg said the study shows that it is necessary not only to help parents find lunch options(可选择的东西) that are convenient, affordable and healthy, but also encourage children to choose those options.
12. Compared with home-packed lunches, school lunches ________
A are more expensive                            B are more nutritionally balanced
C provide a limited amount of fruit                D contain more packaged snacks and desserts
13. What is paragraph 4 mainly about?
A The process in which the research was carried out.    B The existing problems of home-packed lunches.
C The advantage of bringing lunchboxes.            D Ways to prepare home-packed lunches.
14. What was Jeanne Goldberg’s attitude to the lunchboxes instead?
A Neutral.               B Supportive.           C Unsatisfied.           D Uncaring .
15. What is the purpose of the text?
A To recommend children to eat at school.
B To advise children to give up home-packed lunches.
C To encourage children to develop good eating habits.
D To raise parents’ awareness about children’s lunch nutrition.
第二节:(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中的两项为多途选项。(注:选E 涂AB ; 选F涂AC; 选G涂AD)
How to Improve Teamwork
Teamwork and its importance is known to most of us, isn’t it? But how do we improve it to achieve better goals and achieve them faster? Here are some simple ways to improve teamwork that is a must for every organization, big or small.
    16   
It is what bridges gaps between people in different teams and is one of the key factors to improve teamwork. Most problems arise at a workplace due to lack of good communication skills. It helps to build interpersonal relationships among the team members. Good understanding among team members produces better results for the company.
Team discussions
If you want to know how to improve teamwork, the easiest way is this. You need to fix a time every week where everyone would get together and talk about what happened in the days that passed.    17    Suggestions can be taken to make the team function more properly and more effectively.
Set combined aims
The goals need to be set by keeping in mind the bigger picture.    18    Growth of the organization should be given top priority(优先权)for the only reason that in the progress of the team, lies the progress of the employees. There should be one aim for the entire team every one month and this should be divided further into the respective(各个的)teams.
Team building activities
   19    There are professionals who specialize in producing these games and these can be called during office hours. The employees get a break from the everyday routine and also get to learn something new.
     20    
This is very important if you are looking at improving the teamwork in your organization. Every employee has the right to say what he/she thinks is right or wrong and why. There should be regular voting for certain decisions where everyone gets a say and equality is maintained(维持). Having the right to share thoughts and views gives the teams a sort of confidence as well. With open-hear speech also comes unity in the form of support of common views.
A Problem solving
B Freedom of speech
C Improve communication
D These won’t only get you good results, and you’ll get them faster too.
E The goal should be looked at as a common goal and not that of self.
F One of the best ways to improve teamwork is to hold team building games.
G Here people can talk about the good that happened and the bad too and how it can be improved.

第二部分: 完形填空 (共 20 小题; 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
You can really tell a lot about people’s character by how they act at the grocery store. I    21   what happened in a crowded store when there were not   22   shopping carts (购物车) a few days ago.
A well-dressed man, together with his life and a child, was   23   a cart when another man stopped him. “Excuse me,” the second man said, “  24   this cart is what I brought here. It’s mine” the first guy looked rather   25   and then became annoyed. Instead of   26  , he protested, “But someone took my cart!” At that moment, his wife also glared at him, and so he unwillingly   27   his ill-gotten gain. The well-dressed man had   28   the useful saying that “Do to others as you would have others do to you”.
   29   , there are often some shoppers who have changed their mind about   30   some items and put what they have chosen on the   31   shelf. They think that the store   32   shop assistants who should put the things they give up   33  . In the opinion of these fellows, does that mean it’s OK for kids to   34   their rubbish on the floor or everywhere because schools employ   35   to clean the hall? In the   36  , there are express-line cheaters who enter the “10 items or less” line with 14 items because they’re in a hurry or    37    because they are unwilling to queue up. They don’t think that someone will    38    them behaving immorally. Even if someone finds them out, they’re ready to    39    that “It depends on what you call an item.”
I consider these fellows as a black sheep and there are a small number of such people. In our society we should be   40  , and play by the rules. It is important to set a good example to our kids, even in the grocery store.
21. A believe         B remember           C imagine              D recognize     
22. A good            B large               C enough             D much     
23. A pushing            B noticing               C suggesting          D searching     
24. A but                B while               C so                  D then     
25. A pleased         B tired               C relaxed              D embarrassed     
26. A apologizing        B accepting           C replying              D quarreling     
27. A took away         B gave up               C doubted about          D thought about     
28. A understood        B refused               C ignored              D followed     
29. A Actually        B Partly               C Especially          D Exactly     
30. A seeing            B buying               C using              D exchanging     
31. A highest            B nearest               C cleanest               D nearest     
32. A hires             B takes               C supports               D offers     
33. A ahead             B back               C aside                  D out     
34. A show            B hit                   C throw              D deliver     
35. A teachers            B students               C assistants              D cleaners     
36. A store            B school               C hospital              D bank     
37. A hardly            B quietly               C simply               D nearly     
38. A protect            B stop               C pretend              D challenge     
39. A repeat            B agree                C dislike              D argue     
40. A considerable       B confident           C creative               D considerate   

第II卷
第三部分: 语法填空 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1.5分, 满分 15分)
One day I was reading a travel magazine   41   an article about Prague came into my view.
Prague is the capital of Czech Republic,    42    (locate) in the center of Europe. It is also a place   43   the eastern and western parts of Europe meet. During world War II, many European cities were highly bombed.    44  , little damage    45   (cause) to the old city. As    46   result, all the ancient buildings remain undamaged.    47    (tour) makes the city attractive to numerous tourists. As the symbol    48    Prague, Old Town Square is the number one stop. If you go there, remember that some    49   (amaze) things have happened in the past...  
Thus, the thought    50   (strike) me that our family would travel around Prague in the coming summer vacation.
第二节 写作 (共两节,满分40分)
第一节 应用文写作(满分15分)
假如你是李华,刚刚参加完一个夏令营从纽约回来。在九月期间,你住宿在Smith先生家,得到了他很多的帮助。请你用英文给他写一封邮件表达谢意。内容包括:
1. 表示感谢; 2. 回顾Smith先生对你的帮助与照顾; 3. 希望他来中国玩。
注意:
1. 词数80左右;2. 可以适当增加西街,以使行文连贯
第二节 读后续写 (满分25分)
阅读下面短文, 根据所给情节进行续写, 使之构成一个完整的故事。
One day when I was 12, my mother gave me an order: I was to walk to the public library, and borrow at least one book for the summer. This was one more weapon of hers to defeat my strange problem, my inability to read.
In the library, I found my way into the “Children’s Room”. I sat down on the floor and pulled a few books off the shelf at random. The cover of a book caught my eye. It presented a picture of beagle. I had recently had a beagle, the first and only animal companion I ever had as a child. He was my secret sharer, but one morning, he was gone, given away to someone who had the space and the money to care for him. I never forgot my beagle.
There on the book’s cover was a beagle which looked identical to my dog. I ran my fingers over the picture of the dog on the cover. My eyes ran across the title., Amos, the Beagle with a Plan. Unknowingly, I had read the title. Without opening the book, I borrowed it from the library for the summer.
Under the shade of a bush, I started to read about Amos. I read very, very slowly with difficulty. Though pages were turned slowly, I got the main idea of the story about a dog who, like mine, had been separated from his family and who finally found his way back home. That dog was my dog, and I was the little boy in the book. At the end of the story, my mind continued to the final scene of reunion, on and on, until my own lost dog and I were, in my mind, running together.
注意:
1. 所续写短文的词数应为150词左右;
2. 应使用5个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词语;
3. 续写部分分为两段,每段开头语以为你写好;
4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用到的关键词语。
Paragraph 1:
My mother’s call returned me to the real world. I suddenly realized something. __________________
Paragraph 2:
And years later, she was proud that her son had read thousands of books, and was awarded a PhD in literature.________________________________
 
沈阳铁路实验中学2018—2019学年度下学期第一次月考
高一英语
答题纸请把七选五的答案填涂在答题卡上(注:选E 涂AB ; 选F涂AC; 选G涂AD)
第三部分: 语法填空 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1.5分, 满分 15分)
41. ____________ 42. _____________ 43. _____________ 44. ______________ 45. ______________
46. ____________ 47. _____________ 48. _____________ 49. ______________ 50 _______________
第一节 应用文写作(满分15分)
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
第二节 读后续写 (满分25分)
Paragraph 1:
My mother’s call returned me to the real world. I suddenly realized something.            ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Paragraph 2:
And years later, she was proud that her son had read thousands of books, and was awarded a PhD in literature.                                                                    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
参考答案
阅读理解 1-3 CDD  4-7 BDAD 8-11  BCDC    12-15 BBCD   七选五  CGEFB
完形填空21-25 BCAAD  26-30 ABCAB   31-35 BABCD  36-40 ACBDD
语法填空
One day I was reading a travel magazine when an article about Prague came into my view.
Prague is the capital of Czech Republic, located in the center of Europe. It is also a place where the eastern and western parts of Europe meet.  During world War II, many European cities were highly bombed. However, little damage was caused to the old city. As a result, all the ancient buildings remain undamaged.Tourism makes the city attractive to numerous tourists. As the symbol of Prague, Old Town Square is the number one stop. If you go there, remember that some amazing things have happened in the past...  
Thus, the thought struck me that our family would travel around Prague in the coming summer vacation.
应用文写作
Dear Smith,
I’m writing to express my heartfelt gratitude to you for your kind help and great hospitality.
I can well remember I was quite uneasy when I first stepped in your house, but your humor and encouragement soon eased my anxiety and made me feel at home. During my stay, whenever I had a problem in language or study, you are always a great help. Besides, you even invited me to an opera, which is one of the best memories in my life.
I do hope someday you’ll come to China and let me show you around my hometown.
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua
读后续写
Paragraph 1:
My mother’s call returned me to the real world. I suddenly realized something: The trick of reading is to put yourself into the story experiencing what the author goes through and appreciating its meaning in your heart. As long as I clung to the this process, not only was my inability to read defeated, but also an inner aspiration to read was stimulated, which changed my life for the better. During the summer, I incredibly developed a special companionship with books, ranging from vivid story books to academic articles. My mother was more than delighted to see my change.
Paragraph 2:
And years later, she was proud that her son had read thousands of books, and was awarded a PhD in literature. She proposed that my experience should be of magnificent use to others. So I set up a team to provide those who had difficulty reading with space to turn to, through which I myself also gained a better understanding of reading as well as my life. My first adventure of reading turned out to be a permanent treasure.

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