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2018-2019高一上学期英语期末试卷(附答案吉林“五地六校”合作体)

2019-02-25 作者:wykjedu888
高一英语试题

本试卷分四部分第Ⅰ卷(客观卷)和第II卷(主观卷)两部分。满分120分,考试时间为120分钟。考试结束后,只交答题卡。
第Ⅰ卷  客观卷

第一部分  听力(共两节,满分20分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What will the woman do this Saturday?
  A. Go to see her sister.      B. Go to the concert.         C. Look after her brother’s son.
2. How many pills should the woman take at a time?
  A. 5.                    B. 3.                        C. 2.
3. What does Laura need at the moment?
  A. Blame.               B. Encouragement.         C. Help with her chemistry.
4. What does the man want to do?
  A. Buy a light.              B. Get to the nearest light.      C. Go to the supermarket.
5. What is the man’s suggestion about serious pollution?
  A. Don’t breathe the poisonous air.
  B. The government should take action.
  C. The government should protect the environment.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听下面一段对话,回答第6和第7两个小题。
6. Where is the man’s mother now?
A. At home.                  B. In the office.              C. In the hospital.
7. How long does the man need before going back to work?
A. A week.                  B. A few weeks.              C.A few days
听下面一段对话,回答第8和第9两个小题。
8. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Employer and employee.     B. Husband and wife.          C. Neighbors.

9. Why does the man feel nervous?
A. He wants to breathe in some fresh air.
B. He has heard his neighbor’s phone.
C. He’s been waiting so long for a phone.
听下面一段对话,回答第10至第12三个小题。
10. Where does the conversation take place?
   A. In an office.              B. In a restaurant.          C. In a hotel.
11. What kind of steak will the man have?
   A. Rare.                      B. Well-done.              C. Medium.
12. What does the man start his meal with?
A. A cream and onion soup.
B. Some baked potatoes.
C. An iced tea with a lemon.
听下面一段对话,回答第13至第16四个小题。
13. What does the man want to do?
   A. To reserve a car.      B. To book a room.         C. To rent a car.
14. What size of the car does the man intend to hire?
   A. Large.              B. Middle.                  C. Small.
15. How much need the man pay for the rented car for the weekend?
   A. $80.                  B. $89.                      C. $120.
16. Where can the man find his rented car?
   A. In the Hotel.          B. On Peter Street.          C. In the parking lot.
 听下面一段独白,回答第17至第20四个小题。
17. What happened to the Cuyahoga River in 1969?
A. It was cleaned up.
B. It was seriously polluted.
C. It became the most outstanding river.
18. How long did it take for the river to become clean?
   A. A few months.          B. Several years.              C. A few days.
19. What can make the river clean according to the speaker?
   A. Hard work.
   B. Something imaginable.
   C. The control of using your credit card.  
20. What shall we do when facing an impossible situation?
   A. Wait for something to change.
   B. Imagine something outstanding.
   C. Just be patient and do something.


第二部分 阅读理解(共两节, 满分30分)
第一节:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
阅读短文,从所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A
Since 1904, Ravinia Festival has been Chicago’s “sound of summer”, a place where you can meet up with your friends, have a wonderful time and hear some of the greatest music in the world. We’ ve got stars on the stage and stars in the sky, and it’s all within your reach. But there’s more to Ravinia than merely the world’s greatest music. For as many people who walk through Ravinia’s gate each summer, there are just as many ways to enjoy what we call “The Ravinia Experience”. For some, it all starts with a picnic picked up along the way, greeting your friends at your favorite spot on the lawn.
Ravinia Dining
Whether you want to add a bottle of wine and some cheese to your picnic on the lawn or sit down to a meal, Ravinia has a wide variety of choices and we welcome you to explore them all.
Ravinia gifts
There are two locations for your shopping convenience! Visit our Main Store in the Dining Pavilion. There you will find different CDs, jewelry, games and more. Or fill your more immediate needs at the shop located behind the Martin Theatre.
How to Buy Tickets
Online
Tickets for the 2018 season begin to go on sale online on Tuesday April 25. Ravinia Festival’s online ticketing makes ordering tickets for your favorite performances easier than ever before.It is available 24 hours a day at www.ravinia.org.
Click on the date of your choice to select an event, select your seats and add it to your ticket order. Once you have selected all the events you wish to attend, simply enter your payment information and submit your order.
By Phone
Phone sales for the 2018 season start on Monday May 22.
Order tickets by phone by calling 847-266-5100.
Monday- Friday: 10: 00 am-5: 00 pm
Saturday/Sunday: Closed
21. It can be inferred that Ravinia Festival is ____________.
A. an annual music festival                  B. a celebration of old folk music
C. a big food party with music performances    D. a traditional holiday with music and food
22. What does the underlined word “stars”in the first paragraph refer to?
A. Big movie stars                        B. Famous cooks or bands
C. Guests at an evening party.               D. Famous musicians or singers
23. If you buy tickets online for the festival, you can _________.
A. choose where to sit                B. get some discount
C. decide the time of any performance   D. change the date of an event after payment
24. If you want to experience Ravinia Festival, you can_________.
A. go to Chicago in April              B. make a call at weekends
C. go to Chicago in the summer         D.visit www.ravinia.org before April
                                    B
One Sunday, Nicholas, a teenager, went skiing at Sugarloaf Mountain in Maine. In the early afternoon, when he was planning to go home, a fierce snowstorm swept into the area.Unable to see far, he accidentally turned off the path. Before he knew it, Nicholas was lost, all alone! He didn’t have food, water, a phone, or other supplies. He was getting colder by the minute.
Nicholas had no idea where he was. He tried not to panic(惊慌). He thought about all the survival shows he had watched on TV. It was time to put the tips he had learned to use.
He decided to stop skiing. There was a better chance of someone finding him if he stayed put. The first thing he did was to find shelter from the freezing wind and snow. If he didn’t, his body temperature would get very low, which could quickly kill him.
Using his skis, Nicholas built a snow cave. He gathered a huge mass of snow and dug out a hole in the middle. Then he piled branches on top of himself, like a blanket, to stay as warm as he could.
By that evening, Nicholas was really hungry. He ate snow and drank water from a nearby stream so that his body wouldn’t lose too much water.Not knowing how much longer he could last, Nicholas did the only thing he could--- he huddled in his cave and slept.
The next day, Nicholas went out to look for help, but he couldn’t find anyone. He followed his tracks and returned to the snow cave, because without shelter, he could die that night. On Tuesday, Nicholas went out to find help. He had walked for about a mile when a volunteer searcher found him. After two days stuck in the snow, Nicholas was saved.
Nicholas might not have survived this snowstorm had it not been for TV. He had often watched Grylls’ survival show Man Vs. Wild. That’s where he learned the tips that saved his life. In each episode of Man Vs. Wild, Grylls is abandoned in a wild area and has to find his way out.
When Grylls heard about Nicholas’ amazing deeds, he was super impressed that Nicholas had made it since he knew better than anyone how hard Nicholas had to work to stay alive.
25. What happened to Nicholas one Sunday afternoon?
A. He got lost.                 B. He broke his skis.
C. He hurt his eyes.             D. He caught a cold.
26. How did Nicholas keep himself warm?
A. He found a shelter.           B. He kept on skiing.
C. He built a snow cave.         D. He lighted some branches.

27. On Tuesday, Nicholas_________.
A. returned to his shelter safely                B. was saved by a searcher
C. got stuck in the snow                      D. stayed where he was
28. Nicholas left Grylls a very deep impression because he___________.
A. did the right things in the dangerous situation   B. watched Grylls' TV program regularly
C. created some tips for survival                D. was very hard-working
                                    C
Nola (August 21, 1974 -November 22, 2015) was a northern white rhino who lived at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park near Escondido, California. At her death, she was one of only four remaining northern white rhinos in the world. The other three lived in Kenya. World Rhino Day, held on September 2, is to raise awareness(意识) of the less than 30,000 other rhinos left on Earth.
“Rhinos need our help today, not tomorrow,”Nola’s lead keeper Jane Kennedy said. “Last year we lost over 1,200 rhinos just in South Africa. If we continue to lose more than 1,000 rhinos a year, in 10 to 20 years all the rhinos on the planet will be gone.”
“Unfortunately, most animals are in danger of dying out because of humans,” Kennedy says.“ Humans have either poached animals, or because there are over seven billion of us, we’ ve taken up too much of the world’s resources ”. Poachers illegally hunt rhinos for their horns. They sell the horns for thousands of dollars per pound, to be used for art, jewelry, and decorations.Experts believe that one rhino is poached every eight hours.
In 1975, the San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research started the Frozen Zoo, a program through which researchers have collected cell (细胞) samples from more than 8,000 different types of animals, including the northern white rhino. Scientists hope that by studying the rhino cells, they will get greater understanding of it, and will find ways to increase its numbers.
Jane Kennedy describes World Rhino Day as “a celebration of rhinos along with an awareness campaign for everybody across the world to know that rhinos need our help.”At the San Diego Zoo, children and adults are welcome to visit and speak with zookeepers to learn about rhinos. But you don’ t have to live in San Diego to celebrate World Rhino Day. It is observed around the world, with zoos and wildlife parks holding special events and programs to teach people about rhinos, and enable them to see the animals up close. For more information, go to www.worldrhinoday.org.
29. What do we know about Nola?
A. It was a baby white rhino.
B. It was one of the last of its kind.
C. It lived with other northern white rhinos in Kenya.
D. It died on September 22 at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park.
30. What troubled Jane Kennedy according to Paragraph 2?
A. The rhinos’ uncertain future.       B. The rhinos’ strange activities.
C. The limited natural resources.      D. The rare animals in South Africa.
31. What does the Frozen Zoo aim to do?
A. Invent new kinds of animals.              B. Keep animals from dying out.
C. Prevent rhinos from being hunted.          D. Raise public awareness of rhinos.
32. What is the main purpose of the last paragraph?
A. To help people know more about animals.    B. To encourage people to protect rhinos.
C. To report special events in San Diego.       D. To introduce World Rhino Day.
                                      D
Alexa is a form of artificial intelligence, or AI for short. Many people start their mornings by asking Alexa for the weather forecast or the latest news. A device(设备) that houses Alexa can also play music from your favorite playlists, keep a shopping list, order takeout food, answer questions, send messages and even run “smart” home controls.
Training AI systems to respond to problems with human-like intelligence and learn from their mistakes can take months, or even years. Consider Alexa and similar software, such as Apple’s Siri. To do the tasks its human owners ask, these systems must make sense of and then respond to sentences such as, “Alexa, play my Ed Sheeran playlist” or “Siri, what is the capital of India?”
Computers can’ t understand language as it is spoken by people. So AI researchers must find a way to help humans communicate with computers. The technology used to get computers to “understand” human speech or text is known as natural language processing. By natural language, computer scientists refer to the way people naturally talk or write. To teach an AI system a task like comprehending(理解) a sentence or responding to a person ’s last move in a board game, scientists need to feed it lots of examples.
AlphaGo is an AI system designed by Google that has beaten a human champion, Lee Sedol, at the strategy(策略) board game Go. To train AlphaGo, Google had to show it 30 million Go moves that people had made while playing the game. Then AlphaGo used what it learned to analyze those plays as it played against different versions (版本) of itself. During this practice, the program came up with new moves---ones never seen in games between people.
33. What does the example of Alexa show?
A . AI may replace humans one day.            B. AI is playing a role in our modern life.
C . AI has been widely used around the world.    D. AI has totally changed people’s bad habits.
34. How do scientists train AI systems?
A. By testing them thousands of times.          B. By teaching them almost everything.
C . By giving them quite a lot of tasks to do.      D. By providing them with large amounts of data.
35.What can we learn about AlphaGo?
A. It has become very skillful and intelligent      B. It is the most convenient AI system.
C. It avoids making any mistakes               D. It just follows human orders



第二节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Being a superhero to others
Ewan Drum has always liked superheroes. He likes how they help people. At age seven, he told his
parents, “I want to dress up like a superhero and help the homeless. ” 36   Wearing his red superhero cape (斗篷), Ewan helped pass out70 bag lunches to hungry people in a park in Detroit, Michigan. That’s how Super Ewan was born.
       37    People donated(捐赠) money and supplies (供给物), and Ewan took them to those in need.
When someone donated jugs(大罐) of water, Ewan and his family drove their car to get even more. They
took the water to Flint, Michigan, a city that had unsafe drinking water. Another time, a businessman
donated six turkeys(火鸡) for Thanksgiving.   38     “In the end”, he says,“we gave 64 turkey dinners
to families all around Detroit.”
   Ewan has a motto: Everyone can be a superhero to someone. At an event called the Hero Round Table,
Ewan told the audience,“It’ s not hard to help people.You can keep some socks and food in your car to
help people in need. You can help a neighbor with doing the garden.   39     .”
It' s been several years since Super Ewan started his task. Every month, he still visits the same park to
hand out clothes, food, and supplies to people who are hungry or homeless ---his Super Friends.    40     
“No matter what, ”Ewan says, “I will always keep helping people.”
A.News spread about Ewan’ s act of kindness.
B. This superhero says he’ ll never take off his cape.
C. Ewan says he wants more adults to act like superheroes.
D. Every little thing helps and can make someone feel happy.
E. A few months later, Ewan ’s family planned a day of giving.
F. Several days later, his parents drove to Flint and helped him raise a lot of money.
G. With his parents’ help, Ewan asked for more turkeys through the Internet, plus side dishes.

第三部分 英语知识运用(共三节,满分40分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后面各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
I don’t know about your neighborhood but where I live, there seems to be a serious mosquito invasion(侵略). We’ve always known mosquitoes   41    us, so we do everything  42   to make sure they don’t get us.
To prevent them from getting into the   43     , we always make sure we close the doors and windows.  44    , this in itself is a challenge   45    people still need to come in and out of the house. So you can’t   46   them out completely.
Speaking of the   “ 47   ”, what is it really? I’m sure you know its meaning in the dictionary, but let’s   48    its purpose for a minute. Does a door have the ability to work on its own? No, it doesn’t
49     whether it is an electric door or a normal wooden one, someone or something has to control its
50      .
Our lives are full of doors that only we can   51   . We decide when and who to  52   through them. Look at the doors of   53   , for example. Do you know no one becomes your friend  54   your own decision? Yes, you may have met by chance but the decision to keep that friendship/relationship going is what you make as a person. The  55  comes in when you become heartbroken, hurt and bitter, and then you realize it is the  56   door to open.   57    , not many people are able to close such a door after it opens and as a result, they have very many mean people staying in   58   relationships that tire them and suck(吸吮)their   59  like the mosquitoes do. If you are in such a    60  , do yourself a favor and close that door to keep those “mosquitoes” away.

41    A. injure    B. destroy    C. kill    D. attack
42    A. amazing    B. reliable    C. possible    D. legal
43    A. house    B. body    C. way    D. pillow
44    A. Besides    B. However    C. Moreover    D. Therefore
45    A. as    B. so    C. as if    D. even if
46    A. send    B. lock    C. set    D. make
47    A. challenge    B. question    C. mosquito    D. door
48    A. make use of    B. think highly of    C. think about    D. search for
49    A. happen    B. work    C. care    D. matter
50    A. movement    B. progress    C. track    D. position
51    A. select    B. control    C. design    D. decorate
52    A. look    B. enter    C. pull    D. check
53    A. future    B. work    C. friendship    D. education
54    A. for    B. without    C. after    D. in
55    A. cause    B. opportunity    C. problem    D. result
56    A. secret    B. proper    C. wrong    D. back
57    A. Finally    B. Evidently    C. Typically    D. Unluckily
58    A. peaceful    B. unhealthy    C. personal    D. generous
59    A. tears    B. sweat    C. blood    D. water
60    A. society    B. way    C. style    D. situation

第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
We all make mistakes more than once.     61     (hope), we learn from them finally. We all have wishes that we can’t make     62   (come) true. We all make a    63    (judge) of other people and then find out they are really nice people. And we don't know what difficulty they have gone through in life    64   has made them who they are. We all get jealous(嫉妒的) of others even if we shouldn’t. We should be secure enough in ourselves and our partners and we should be happy for our friends when they      65     (success) in something.
We are all humans and have human   66   (feel). That doesn’t make us bad people   67   that’s part of   68    makes us human .We just have to remember: when we have bad thoughts we have to turn   69    into positive ones.
We all have to be  70     ( thank) for what we have. Be kind to yourself and others and you will be happy.
第三节 单词拼写(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分.请在答题卡上填写完整单词)
71. You will never gain success unless you are fully d__________ to your work.
72. Hearing the news that he had passed the exam, Jack breathed in r__________ .
73. There is no d_________ that the concert will be held as scheduled.
74. After 10 years’ hard work, her dream became a r__________.
75. She was a_________ into Peking University in July 2018, which made her parents very happy.
76. All men are created ___________.(平等的)
77. It is the __________(保护) for trees that really matters, rather than how many trees are planted.
78. English is a subject __________(属于) to the college entrance examination subjects.
79. Many people hold the wrong view that money can __________(解答,解决) everything.
80. I need some __________(志愿者) to help the washing-up.
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分30分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
下面短文中有10处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在该漏字符号下写上该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线( )划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该横线下写上修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
I have been fond of playing chess for many years and I have made a rapid progress, for which I am proud. However, I came across the chess player on the Internet several days ago. While played, I was so eager to win. But because of my carelessness, I failed in the end, what got me crazy. I burst into tear. My parents looked at me in silence. Only when I calmed down they tell me that it was no use get angry when we met with failures. What we should do is learn to control our emotions or try to do better next time. I was ashamed of what I did. “Never will I lose my temper again.”I told me.
第二节:书面表达(满分20分) (请在答题卡上作答)
假定你是李华,上周应留学生朋友Leslie的邀请,去听了一场钢琴音乐会,你打算教他认识中国汉字以示感谢。请你就此用英语给他写一封电子邮件,内容包括:
1.对受邀表示感谢;
2.简要回忆音乐会;
3.提出教他汉字作为回报。
注意:
1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
参考词汇:汉字:Chinese characters
Dear Leslie,
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________                                                                   
                                                                     Yours sincerely,
                                                                  Li Hua
 

英语试题答案

第一部分听力:
1-5 CABCB    6-10 CABCB    11-15CACBB    16-20 CBBAC
第二部分 阅读理解(每题1.5分)
阅读 第一节:21-24ADAC   25-28 ACBA  29-32 BABD   33-35BDA
 第二节:36-40  EAGDB
第三部分 英语知识运用
第一节    完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
41-45:DCABA  46-50:BDCDA   51-55:BBCBC  56-60:CDBCD
第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
61 Hopefully   62. come   63. judg(e)ment   64. that/which  65. succeed
66.feelings   67. because 68. what  69. them 70. thankful
第三节 单词拼写(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
71.devoted  72. relief  73. doubt  74. reality    75. admitted
76. equal  77. protection    78. belonging     79. solve  80. volunteers
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
1. a 去掉   2. for—of       3. the—a   4. played—playing     
5. what--which    6. tear—tears  7. down 后/ did    8. get—getting    
 9. or---and     10. me---myself
第二节 作文
One possible version
Dear Leslie,
How’s everything getting along with you recently?
I'm more than delighted to have been invited to attend the piano concert with you. To be honest, not only am I impressed with the performances given by the skilled artists but also with the wonderful comments made by you.Thank you again for your kindness. By the way, are you interested in learning Chinese characters? As a matter of fact, Chinese traditional culture is becoming increasingly popular all over the world and Chinese characters, one of the oldest written words play an important role in it. If you are interested, tell me as soon as possible and I'll spare no effort to help you learn Chinese characters in return.
Looking forward to your reply
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua


 
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标签: 高一上学期英语期末试卷

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版权声明:以上文章中所选用的图片及文字来源于网络以及用户投稿,由于未联系到知识产权人或未发现有关知识产权的登记,如有知识产权人并不愿意我们使用,如果有侵权请立即联系:[email protected],我们立即下架或删除。

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