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2020-2021 学年初三英语知识点归纳及题型专练:综合填空
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从方框中所给的词的适当形式填空。每个词限用一次。
THE golden autumn season means it’s harvest (收获) time and summer is 1 .But on Sept 16, our
school held the 2 annual Reading Report where we shared the reading we did over summer vacation. It
lasted for two days. Each speaker gave a 3 about his or her favorite book. About 1,200 students took part
in the activity.
My speech was about a book _4____ “A General History of China”(《中国通史》). It introduced Chinese history
from 5 times all the way to the modern era (时代). 6 this book helped me understand the
pride we have in our country. What’s more, it encouraged me 7 hard.
Through this activity, we improved our speaking 8 . Wang Yinan, 14, even stayed up 9 to
prepare for his speech. “Keep reading and improve your Chinese,” he said in the speech. I think this activity
was 10 for everyone.
【答案】1.over 2. third 3. speech 4.named 5. ancient6. Reading 7. to work 8. skills 9. late
10. meaningful
请先阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后用方框中所给的词的适当形式填空。每个词限用一次。
make familiar except shake kind
country polite one while greet
When the Americans meet each other, it’s not necessary to 1 hands. They just give a smile. Even a
three, meaningful, work , over, speech, late, ancient, named,
skill, readfew seconds after they meet for the first time, they can just call each other’s first names to show 2 .
For Japanese, bowing is quite acceptable. But you are not supposed to have eye contact with the Japanese
guests. It is rather 3 .
People from most European 4 usually embrace(拥抱) each other and sometimes kiss the check. But
you should pay attention that you’d better 5 no sound while kissing. Women should embrace men 6
and sometimes men are supposed to kiss the women’s hands.
To the German guests, we should shake hands to 7 them. To show your respect you can have a little
bow 8 shaking hands. You had better not hug or kiss them unless you are very 9 with each other. To
the British guests, you’d better not have close body contact
10 a polite hug. To the Italian guests, shaking hands is very important.
【答案】1.shake 2、kindness 3、impolite 4、countries 5、make 6、first 7、greet
8、while 9、familiar 10、except
care,hurry,way,passenger,break,trouble,late,sleep,follow,then,stop,what
One night Mr Lee was driving his wife home from work. She was a nurse in a hospital. It was
almost midnight and she was quite tired. She soon fell 1 , Mr Lee looked at her and smiled.
Mr Lee was a 2 and experienced driver. He knew it was safer to drive slowly on a dark night. After he
noticed a car 3 him.
It was traveling very fast. Suddenly it overtook his car. The driver of the car was in such a 4 that he
did not see the approaching truck. To avoid hitting it, he suddenly turned his car. The car skidded off the road and
hit a big tree. The driver and the two 5 were injured.They were badly hurt by the 6 glass of the
car. Mr Lee quickly 7 his car and called the police.His wife got out of the car to help them. About
twenty-five minutes 8 ,a police car and an ambulance.The injured were taken to hospital.
The policemen wrote down details of the accident. Mr Lee and the truck driver told them 9 they could remember. The policemen thanked them for their help. 10 Mr Lee and Mrs Lee got into their car and continued
their journey.
【答案】1.asleep 2、careful 3、following 4、hurry 5、passengers 6、broken 7、stopped8、later 9、
what 10、Then
either,enter,health,punish,necessary,age,smoke,chance,support,expensive,customer,tiny
Allowing a teenager to smoke at home will influence the health of other family members. A smoker has a great
1 of having lung cancer(肺癌). So , it’s 2 for people to keep away from cigarettes,and especially for
teenagers.
Smoking is a very 3 habit, because the price of cigarettes is usually high . For example, now one has
to spend at least Canadian $5.00 on a pack of cigarettes in Ontario(a province of Canada). It is a rule that a teenager
who is not allowed to smoke at home will smoke fewer cigarettes. Don’t you think it is a rule that is not only good
for 4 but also helpful in saving money?
The Canadian government is trying its best to stop children from 5 .Certainly, what it does is 6
by the public. In Ontario, smoking is not allowed in all public places.They include restaurants,shops and so on.That
is to say,if someone who has 7 such places is seen to smoke,he/she has to leave at once. Smoking is not
allowed in cars where children stay , 8 . It is actually illegal(违法的)for a store clerk to sell Cigarettes to
anyone under the 9 of nineteen. If a clerk is caught selling cigarettes to a teenager, he will be
10 .He may have to pay a fine.What’s more,the store where he works may even not be allowed to sell
cigarettes anymore.
【答案】1.chance,2.necessary,3.expensive,4.health,5.smoking,6.supported,7.entered,8.either,9.age,10.punished
阅读短文,并选择方框中词语的适当形式填空,使短文完整、通顺,每项内容限用一次,两项是多余的。
look add real once consider
easy life change healthy important“Daydreaming again? You have nothing to do if you spend your time that way! Can’t you find something
useful to do?”
Many teenagers have heard these words from their parents. Daydreaming was 1 not only as a waste of
time but also an unhealthy escape from 2 life. But now some people are taking a fresh 3 at
daydreaming. Some think it may be a very 4 thing to do.
Attitudes towards daydreaming are 5 in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming
have changed. 6 people thought night dreaming was a kind of disease(疾病). But now they have
learned that sleepers who aren’t allowed to dream become anxious and angry 7 . To feel well again, they
must be allowed to dream.
Now researchers are finding that daydreaming may also be 8 to mental health. It is a good way of
relaxing. If you spend ten or fifteen minutes dreaming of your 9 every day, it will 10 more
happiness to your life. And you might see your own daydreams come true one day.
【答案】1. considered 2. real 3. look 4. healthy 5. changed
6. Once 7. easily 8. important 9. life 10. add
请先阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后用方框中所给的词的适当形式填空,并写在答题卡的相应位置。每
个词限用一次。
powerful place create find green local area wise play use
There was once a very special lion called Simba. Simba would play in this beautiful place, running and
jumping with his friends, the leopards(豹)and other lions in the 1 . Simba had a very special gift—every time
he spoke loudly, he 2 such a strong wind. And it seemed like a hurricane(飓风).
On the land where Simba lived were lots of animals: giraffes, elephants, etc. And even though it wasn’t a
particularly 3 place, there were lots of trees and animals. One day, as Simba was 4 with his friends,
they saw enormous machines destroying part of the plain by building oil wells.Day by day, the men built more and more oil wells, destroying the 5 nature in the process. Simba had
fewer and fewer friends to play with, and fewer 6 to run on. Then a 7 lion told him that the only
way to stop the people using petrol (汽油)was to 8 renewable energies. Such as the wind.
So he decided to help people with one of the most 9 renewable energies in the world: wind power.
Then he went round all the countries in the world roaring(咆哮)with all his might to create a great wind. It would
help men 10 more renewable energy. In the end, Simba succeeded in getting people to stop using petrol,
and his home became lively again.
【答案】1. area 2. created 3. green 4. playing 5. local
6. places 7. wise 8. find 9. powerful 10. use
请先阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后用方框中所给的词的适当形式填空,并将答案填写到答题卷的
相应位置。每个词限用一次。
while thankful what something sometimes duty study hard mean with
Travel can teach kids more than a textbook. Traveling with kids is good for them. They can find new interest .
Travel makes information alive for kids, and makes it much more exciting than 1 textbooks or doing
experiments in the lab. 2 traveling, they learn how to deal with new situations, and communicate with other
people. They learn patience, because 3 it takes a long time to get to some exciting or interesting places.
I’ve been traveling since I was seven years old. For me, to stop traveling would be like taking 4 away
from my soul(灵魂). I can’t live without traveling and I wouldn’t be who I am if I don’t travel. Some people think
it’s 5 to travel after having kids. But in my opinion, when people become parents, it doesn’t 6 they
couldn’t travel any more. My children have been traveling since they were three weeks old.
Bringing a new life into the world comes 7 many responsibilities(责任)and I’d love to be a good
mother. One of my 8 is to educate my children. I’m so 9 that my parents took me on family trips
when I was young. I’ve learned 10 the outside world is like. Of course, I want to pass these travel
experiences on to my children. I’m sure they will always remember them in their lives.【答案】1. studying 2. while 3. sometimes 4. something 5. hard 6. mean 7.
with 8. duties 9. thankful 10. what
请先阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后用方框中所给的词的适当形式填空,每个词限用一次。
creative, place, or, encourage, teach, camp, chance, picnic, whatever, help
When children are off school, it can be difficult to stop them getting bored. Sometimes, however, children just
need to be given the 1 to play. Keeping children amused (愉快的) during the holiday can be difficult. The
following tips may be 2 for parents to keep the children happy. You can check your local website, local
newspapers and community centers. You could try local facilities (设施) such as the library, museums and the
swimming pool – these 3 often have special activities during the holiday.
If you’re staying in, you could try playing games, watching movies, cooking 4 dressing up. You could
even get the kids to do a show or magic trick for you.
On sunny days, it’s great to get outdoors. You could go for a 5 , play ball games or fly a kite. You could
even go 6 . You don’t have to go far. Any outdoor activity can be done!
Be 7 with your children. Craft activities (手工活动) can be great fun and don’t have to be expensive.
You could even 8 your children games you played when you were little!
9 you do, have fun. Don’t plan too many things and 10 your children to play independently, too.
【答案】.1.chance 2.helpful 3.places 4.or 5.picnic 6.camping 7.creative 8.teach 9. Whatever
10.encourage
请先阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后用方框中所给的词的适当形式填空,每个词限用一次。需要变形,
nobody move quietly with and passenger tell find interested owner
Once a young man was traveling by train. It was a long and boring journey. As the train was 1._______across a wilderness(荒野), the passengers looked out of the window 2._______. When the train reached a bend(拐弯处), it
slowed down and then a simple house appeared. It was so easy to notice that everybody on the train turned to
“enjoy” 3._______ eyes widely open. Some 4.________ even began a discussion about it. The young man was also
attracted by the scenery. On his return, he got off the train at the nearest station and 5._______ his way to the house.
Its 6.______ said that he was troubled by the noise of the train. He wanted to sell the house, but 7._______ would
like to buy it.
Soon the young man paid 30,000 dollars for the house. He thought it was a good place for advertisement
because it was facing the railway bend. When the train passed slowly, the tired passengers would be very
8._______ in the house.
He tried to connect with some big companies 9._______ told them that could be used for advertisement. At
last the Coca Cola Company took it to put up their signs. To everyone’s surprise, the young man was offered
180,000 dollars for a three years’rent(租金).
This is a true story. It 10._______ us that discovery is very important to success. Many people have got new
ideas from it.
【答案】1.moving 2.quietly 3.with 4.passengers 5.found 6.owner 7.nobody 8.interested
9.and 10.tells
请先阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后用方框中所给的词的适当形式填空,并写在答题卡的相应位置。每
个词限用一次。
Once a man had a hen and the hen laid two golden eggs every day. The man was very happy. Every day he took
two golden eggs to the market and 1 them there. With the money, he and his family lived happily.
One day, one of his friends said to him, “My friend, you take two eggs to the market every day and sell them
nothing, decide, kill, later, sell ,idea, market, anything ,trouble,stomachthere. There is too much 2 . Why not take out all the eggs once from her 3 ?”
The man liked the idea, but he couldn′t make a 4 decision to kill the hen. A few days 5 he decided
to kill the hen because he thought his friend′s 6 was very good, and it was really tiring to take the eggs
to the 7 daily.
The next day he 8 the hen and then opened the hen′s stomach. But he couldn′t find 9 in the
stomach. He looked for the eggs here and there, left and right, up and down, but there was 10 inside.
【答案】1.sold 2.trouble 3.stomach 4.Decision 5.later
6.idea 7.market 8.killed 9.anything 10.nothing
十一
choose ; consider ; before; kind ;keep; importance; them; provide; courage; human
Do you know that pigs are the fourth most intelligent animal on the planet? They are the fourth on the list after
1 , primates(灵长类动物), dolphins and whales. Most of us can’t 2 a whale or a dolphin as a pet, so
if intelligence is rated high on your choice of pet, you really should 3 pot-bellied(大腹便便的)pigs .
Before getting a pig , you need to consider if you can 4 it with a healthy environment. Of course,
they are not a good 5 if you live in an apartment . If you do not have time to spend with your pig, it may
develop a lot of troubles---pigs love rooting(用鼻或嘴拱土觅食)and digging. It’s 6 to provide it with
time, attention and 7 .
Being highly intelligent, pigs can be trained to do tricks just like dogs. 8 can even be house trained in
the same way as a dog. You just need a little patience and time and 9 you know it. Your pig will know not
to make a mess indoors. They respond to praise and 10 , so always praise your pig if it has done well.
【答案】1.humans,2。keep,3.consider,4.provide,5.choice,6.important,7.encouragement,8.They,9.before,
10.kindness
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