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(编辑:佚名 日期:2018-2-6)

语法填空提升练(七) 形容词和副词
1.(2017·浙江杭州七校联考)Many in the UK believed that they had a much better chance of improving themselves in the city.It would be      (easy) to move from the ranks of physical laborers to the middle classes if they could get better jobs and education.
2.Everyone on the bus began talking about what the boy had done,and the crowd of strangers      (sudden) became friendly to one another.
3.This novel was once the          (wide) read book in high schools in the United States.
4.As far as  I am concerned,Jim is a very      (rely)boy—if he promises to help us,he’ll do it.
5.What was so     (impress)about Jasmine Westland’s victory was that she came first in the marathon bare-footed.
6.It may not be a great suggestion.But before a      (good)one is put forward,we’ll make do with it.
7. If we leave right away,     (hope)we’ll arrive on time.
8.(2017·江西红色七校一联)He sat down and started      (gentle) talking to the dog.
9.(2017·浙江 “超级全能生”12月联考)Edie Simms is 102 years old and was recently “arrested”at her retirement home.She    (total) was asking for it.
10.In what may be the  (1) (happy) ride in the back of a police car in history,the woman had an unusual bucket list(遗愿清单) item she wanted to cross off—she had  (2)  been arrested.
Dirty water rose in wells and canals before the earthquake.But no one judged that an earthquake was coming.1.      (sudden),everything shook.It seemed as if the world was 2.      an end. Millions of brick houses and a number of dams 3.         (destroy).Railway tracks became useless bars.Pipes in mines  burst and let out smelly steam.Huge cracks trapped cyclists everywhere.
The next day,this event was the headline or main title of all newspapers.With the reporters 4.     (give) an outline of the disaster,the whole nation was shocked by the damage and the victim’s extreme 5.     (suffer).People were moved 6.      they read that the 7.     (survive) comforted each other by saying “Congratulations!You survived!”.So they not only expressed their sympathy sincerely,but also organized together 8.        (help) the victims right away.The injured were rescued and the dead 9.     (be) buried.The 10.       (frighten) survivors were dug out from under the ruins and were offered shelter,fresh water and electricity.Thanks to people’s help,the loss was minimized.

One weekend in May 2015,over 48 centimeters of rain fell in Houston,the USA.Soon 1.       whole city was flooded.The rising water rushed into the cars on the roads,2.      (cause) 16 deaths.
We 3.         (witness) many extreme weather events over the past years,like hurricanes and floods,which cause huge losses each year.In 2011,the bad weather caused the world 4.      (lose) 150 billion dollars.
Why are there so many extreme weather events now?Is this natural,5.       are we to blame?
The answer seems to be:a little of both.Wild weather is natural,but most scientists agree human activity is also 6.        (responsibility) for it.I t is believed that extreme climate events are 7.      (close) connected with global warming.Global warming makes heat waves more likely to happen.The higher temperatures also make more water enter the air,8.  in turn results in more rain.Some scientists believe global warming makes some storms stronger.
We don’t have to just stand there.Scientists say we need to stop the earth from 9.      (get) warmer.We also need to be 10.      (prepare) to do things that will help save lives.


语法填空提升练(七) 形容词和副词
1.easier 根据前面的“Many in the UK believed  that they had a much better chance of improving themselves in the city.”和后面的“they could get better jobs and education”可知,此处指更容易上升到中产阶级。故填easier。
2.suddenly 修饰谓语动词became,作状语,要用副词形式,所以用suddenly。
3.most widely 这里表达的意思是:这部小说曾经是美国高中阅读最广泛的书。
4.reliable 前有系动词is,所以用形容词形式作表语,构成系表结构。句意:据我所知,Jim是一个非常值得信赖的男孩——如果他答应帮助我们,他会做到的。根据“if he promises to help us,he’ll do it”可知他说到做到 ,是值得信赖的。
5.impressive 和前面的系动词was构成系表结构,所以用形容词作表语。句意:关于贾思敏·韦斯特兰的胜利给人印象最深的就是她赤脚取得了马拉松的第一名。impressive“给人印象深刻的”。
6.better 考查比较级。句意:这可能不是一个好建议。但是在提出更好的建议前,我们先勉强用这个吧。根据句意可知,此处指一个更好的建议,所以用比较级。
7.hopefully 句意:如果我们立刻出发,我们有望按时到达。修饰整句话作状语,用副词形式,hopefully“有希望地”。
8.gently 作动词talking的状语用副词形式。句意:他坐了下来开始温柔地和狗谈了起来。此处应用副词作状语,应为gently。
9.to tally 语境为:这次被捕完全 是她自己要求的,修饰谓语动词作状语,用副词形式。
10.(1)happiest 前有定冠词the修饰,后有in history(有史以来),所以用最高级。句意:在有史以来坐在警车的后面可能是最幸福的一次乘车中,这位女士想划掉他遗愿清单上不寻常的一项:她从未被捕过。
(2)never 由语境可知,此处表示她唯一未实现的愿望是她从未被捕过。所以用never。
【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文,作者回忆一次可怕的地震经历。地震给人们的生命和 财产造成了巨大的损害,但是人们团结一心,互帮互助,共同渡过难关。
1.Suddenly 考查副词。句意:地震前,水井和运河里的污水都涨涌起来但是却没人判断出地震即将来临。suddenly “立刻,马上”,在句中作状语。
2.at 考查介词。句意:刹那间,一切都在摇晃,似乎整个世界就要结束。at an end为固定搭配,意为“结束,终结”,at an end在句中不能单独作谓语,要与be动词连用。
3.were destroyed 考查被动语态。句意:数以百万的砖房和许多水坝遭到破坏。砖房和水坝是被破坏的,结合上下文语境,要用一般过去式的被动语态。
4.giving 考查非谓语动词。句意:记者们描述了灾难的大概情况。此处考查with的复合结构,其构成为:with+宾语+宾语补足语,reporters和give之间是主谓关系,因此用give的动词-ing形式作宾语补足语。
5.suffering 考查名词。句意:全国都被地震的破坏和灾民们极度的苦难所震惊。suffering为suffer的名词形式,意为“痛苦,苦难”,被形容词extreme修饰。
6.when 考查连词。句意:当人们读到幸存者以“恭喜啊,你还活着。”来互相安慰时,都被感动了。
7.survivors 考查名词。survivor为动词survive的名词形式,根据语境可知,幸存者是很多人,故用名词的复数形式。
8.to help 考查非谓语动词。句意:人们不仅衷心地表达了他们的 同情,而且还立刻组织起来帮助灾民。人们组织起来的目的是帮助灾民,to help在句中作目的状语。
9.were 考查主谓一致和时态。句意:伤员被救助了,死者被埋葬了。the dead表示一类人,谓语动词要用复数形式,根据上下文语境可知,要用过去时态。
10.frightened 考查形容词。句意:吓坏的幸存者被从废墟中挖出来了,栖身处、干净的水和电力也很快得到提供。frightened为形容词,作定语,修饰名词survivors。
1.the 考查冠词。the whole city意为“整座城市”,在这里特指Houston这座城市。
2.causing 考查非谓语动词。causing 16 deaths是动词-ing短语作状语,表示结果,分词动作与逻辑主语the rising water之间是主谓关系。句意:不断上涨的水冲进停靠在路边的汽车内,造成了16人死亡。
(1)The rising water rushed into the cars on the roads,which  2 (cause) 16 deaths.
(2)The rising water rushed into the cars on the roads,and  2 (cause) 16 deaths.
(1)caused which引导的是一个定语从句,在从句中空格处作谓语,和后面的16 deaths,构成“S+V+O”结构,结合主句的时态,用一般过去时。
(2)caused 由and可知,该处作rushed的并列谓语,所以用过去式。
3.have witnessed “over+一段时间”作状语,句子常用现在完成时。
4.to lose  cause sb.to do sth.是习惯搭配,意思是“引起或使得某人做某事”。
5.or 该句意思是“极端天气频发,是天灾还是人祸?”,故用连词or连接两个 并列分句。
6.responsible 考查形容词。在系动词后作表语,用形容词形式。be responsible for意思是“对……负责”。
7.closely 考查副词。空格中所填单词在句中修饰谓语动词,需用close的副词形式。此外,在这里修饰的是动词connect,表示的是抽象的概念,意为“密切地”,所以用closely。close也可以用作副词,表示抽象的概念。
8.which 考查定语从句。关系代词which指代前面整个主句,引导非限制性定语从句,并在句中作主语。
9.getting stop sb.(from) doing sth.是习惯搭配,意为“阻止某人做某事” 。
10.prepared be prepared to do sth.表示“准备做某事”。


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