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2018年中考英语二轮复习语法练习专题十四:复合句

(编辑:佚名 日期:2018-5-16)
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专题十四 复合句
1. (2017武汉)—I’d like to know ________ for the party.
—I have no idea.
A. why did she buy so little food
B. what she has prepared
C. whether will she dance
D. when is she leaving
2. (2017北京)—Judy, could you tell me ________ the schoolbag?
—Oh, yes. I bought it in a store on the Internet.
A. where did you buy                     B. where will you buy
C. where you bought                      D. where you will buy
3. (2017宜昌)—The plane won’t take off ________ the thick clouds move away.
—Let’s wait patiently for the announcement from the airport.
A. since           B. though         C. while        D. until
4. (2017宜昌)—Can you guess ________?
—The south. She prefers rice to noodles.
A. how old she is                         B. what she does
C. where she’s from                       D. who she is
5. (2017黔南)The car ________ my uncle had just bought was destroyed in the earthquake.
A. whose         B. whom            C. who       D. which
6. (2017毕节)This is the best book ________ I have ever read. I like it very much.
A. which         B. that               C. who       D. when
7. (2017襄阳)—What did the manager ask you after the meeting?
—She asked me ________.
A. what I do for the project last week
B. if can I finish the work on time
C. how did I deal with the problem
D. why I was late for the meeting
8. (2017安顺)Sara is the girl ________ has taught me how to use Wechat(微信).
A. whom       B. which               C. what      D. who
9. (2017临沂)Roald Dahl was a great children's writer. His dark past helped him paint a picture ________ was different to most other writers.
A. that         B. who                 C. /        D. whom
10. (2017六盘水)We still remember the lovely teachers ________ have taught us for 3 years.
A. who        B. whose               C. whom     D. which
11. (2017六盘水)Every day, he gets up early________ he can catch the first bus.
A. because    B. since                 C. when      D. so that
12. (2017遂宁)—Could you tell me________?
—At nine o’clock, in ten minutes.
A. how will he leave                            B. when he has left
C. why he is leaving                            D. when he will leave
13. (2017乐山改编)—Do you know ________ next Friday, Lily?
—If it doesn’t rain, we will.
A. if we will take a field trip
B. will we take a field trip
C. where we will take a field trip
D. when we will take a field trip
14. (2017梧州)—Could you please tell me________ at present?
—Sure, I can study abroad.
A. how is your life different
B. how your life was different
C. how your life is different
D. how was your life different
15. (2017武威)—Do you know ________?
—Yes, of course. It will be hosted by Beijing and Zhangjiakou.
A. how will be the 2022 Winter Olympics
B. which city will host the 2022 Winter Olympics
C. when will be the next Winter Olympics
D. where will be the next Winter Olympics
16. (2017贵阳改编)Xiao Ming, you'll be late for school ________ you hurry up.
A. after         B. though        C. unless       D. before
17. (2017云大附中二模)—What is the newest study on this kind of medicine?
—The scientist believes ________.
A. whether it is dangerous or not
B. that it is dangerous
C. what danger will it cause
D. how it will cause danger
18. (2017昆明盘龙区二模)—I wonder________.
—Of course. I’ll do it at once.
A. if you can help do the dishes
B. what were you doing when the rainstorm came
C. why don't you talk to your parents
D. you can improve your English by reading aloud
19. (2017昆明五华区一模)I can't believe ________ unless I see what you do.
A. what you say                         B. what do you say
C. who you say                          D. who do you say
20. (2017昆明盘龙区一模)—Lily wants to know if ________ a picnic tomorrow.
—Of course. But if it________, we'll go dancing instead.
A. you have;will rain                 B. you will have;rains
C. you will have;will rain              D. will you have;rains
21. (2017昭通昭阳区二模)The Belt and Road is President Xi's suggestion ________ will provide lots of development opportunities for many countries in the world.
A. who           B. whose           C. that             D. what
22. (2017昭通昭阳区二模)—Can you tell me ________ Australia?
—Sure, next week.
A. when you will travel to
B. when will you travel to
C. where you will travel to
D. where will you travel to
23. (2017曲靖陆良模拟)—What kind of music do you like, Lucy?
—I love music ________ is quiet and gentle.
A. who          B. what              C. that            D. where
24. (2017曲靖一中模拟)You can't imagine ________ when the pupils received these nice presents on Children's Day.
A. how they were excited
B. how excited they were
C. how excited were they
D. they were how excited
25. (2017曲靖麒麟二模)—Do you know ________ tomorrow?
—Sorry, I don't know. You can surf the Internet for the weather forecast(预报).
A. whether will it rain                          B. if it will rain
C. whether does it rain                          D. if it rains
26. (2018原创)—Would you mind telling me ________?
—Sure. It’s made in China.
A. where is the bag made
B. where the bag is made
C. when is the bag made
D. when the bag is made
27. (2018原创)—Excuse me. I'm wondering ________.
—Yes, there is.
A. if there's a school around here
B. where can I buy a pen
C. when shall we leave
D. you can do what
28. (2018原创)—Sir, I want to know ________.
—At 8:00 p.m.
A. where will the train go
B. where the train will go
C. when will the train leave
D. when the train will leave
29. (2018原创)—Will you please give the dictionary to Jane?
—Sure, I'll give it to her  ________  she arrives here.
A. before         B. until            C. because      D. as soon as
30. (2018原创)You may use the room as you like________you clean it up afterwards.
A. so far as                               B. so long as
C. in case                                D. even if
31. (2018原创)—Do you know________?
—Hebei. It’s China's new special economic zone.
A. why the Xion’an New Area is set up
B. what the Xion’an New Area is like
C. where the Xion’an New Area is
D. when the Xion’an New Area set up
32. (2018原创)I was leaving the school ________ Bruce called me, so I stopped to wait for him.
A. when         B. unless         C. while           D. after
33. (2018预测)—Could you tell me ________?
—By watching English movies.
A. how did you improve your English
B. how you improved your English
C. when you improved your English
D. when did you improve your English
34. (2018预测)—How do you pay when you go shopping abroad?
—By using Alipay ________ is so easy and safe.
A. which       B. who             C. what        D. whose
35. (2018预测)I will do some cleaning as soon as I ________    my homework.
A. finish                                  B. will finish
C. have finished                            D. finished
36. (2018预测)Mobike is a popular bike­sharing service________ brings convenience to our life.
A. which       B. what             C. where        D. who
37. (2018预测)—Alice has set up a WeChat group. Could you tell me________?
—It is more convenient for us to connect with each other.
A. what it is used for                          B. why did she set it up
C. how she set it up                           D. when she set it up
38. (2018预测)Peter was so excited________he received an invitation from his friend to visit Kunming.
A. where      B. that               C. why        D. when
39. (2018预测)To make your DIY work perfect, you'd better not start ________ you get all the tools ready.
A. when        B. while            C. before      D. after
1. B 【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“我想知道为了聚会 ________   。”“我也不知道。”A项:她为什么买如此少的食物;B项:她已经准备了什么,陈述语序;C项:她是否会跳舞,为疑问句语序;D项:她什么时候离开,为疑问句语序。分析句子结构可知此处缺少宾语,宾语从句中从句一律用陈述句语序:主语+谓语+其他,故选B。
2. C 【解析】考查宾语从句。句意为“朱迪,你能告诉我________这个书包吗?”“哦,可以。我在网上的一个商店买的。”宾语从句应用陈述语序,因此排除A、B选项;同时根据答语中的“bought”可知对话双方谈论的是过去发生的事情,所以用一般过去时态,排除D项。故选C。
3. D 【解析】考查状语从句引导词。句意“飞机不会起飞________厚厚的云层散开后。”“让我们耐心地等待机场的通知吧。”since自从;though虽然,即使;while当……时,然而;until直到。分析句子结构可知,此处考查not...until 的用法,意为“直到……才”,故选D。
4. C 【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“你能猜一下________吗?”“南方。比起吃面条她更喜欢吃米饭。”A项:她多少岁;B项:她做什么;C项:她来自哪里;D项:她是谁。由答语可知此处“她来自哪里”符合语境,故选C。
5. D 【解析】考查定语从句的关系词。句意为:我叔叔刚买的________轿车在地震中被毁坏了。根据句意可知,本句是含有定语从句的复合句,先行词the car指物,应用关系代词which/that引导定语从句。故选D。
6. B 【解析】考查定语从句的关系词。句意:这是我曾经读过的最好的书,我非常喜欢它。which先行词为物;that先行词为人或物,或名词前有序数词、形容词最高级、the only、the very、the last等修饰;who先行词为人;when先行词为时间。分析先行词the best book,有形容词最高级best来修饰,应用that引导。故选B。
7. D 【解析】考查宾语从句的语序和时态。句意“经理会后问了你什么?”“她问我________。”分析句子结构可知空格处作asked的宾语。宾语从句要使用陈述语句语序,故排除B、C项;由主句中的“asked”可知宾语从句应用过去的某种时态,排除A项。故选D。
8. D 【解析】考查定语从句的引导词。句意:莎拉是________教我如何使用微信的女孩。whom修饰先行词为人,且在从句中作宾语;which修饰先行词为物;what什么,不能引导定语从句;who谁,修饰先行词为人,且在从句中作主语或宾语。分析句中定语从句修饰的先行词the girl为人,并且在从句中作主语,应由who引导后面的定语从句,故选D。
9. A 【解析】考查定语从句的引导词。句意为:罗尔德•达尔是一位伟大的儿童作家。他黑暗的过去帮他完成了一幅与大多数作家不同的图画。that引导定语从句修饰的先行词是人或物;who引导定语从句修饰的先行词是人;/省略引导词,此类情况的先行词在定语从句中作宾语;whom引导定语从句修饰的先行词是人,在定语句中作宾语。本句的先行词是物,在定语从句中作主语,故选A。
10. A 【解析】考查定语从句的引导词。句意:我们仍然记得教育我们3年的________可爱的老师们。分析句子结构知,本句是含有定语从句的复合句,其先行词teachers指人,应用关系代词who/that引导定语从句。故选A。
11. D 【解析】考查状语从句的引导词。句意:每天,他都早早起床________能赶上第一班车。because因为;since由于,既然;when当……时候;so that目的是。由句意知,后一分句是前一句的目的,应用so that引导目的状语从句。故选D。
12. D 【解析】考查宾语从句的语序和时态。句意:“你能告诉我________?9点,十分钟之后。”根据宾语从句中从句需用陈述语序,排除选项A。根据in ten minutes确定这是询问将来的时间,故选D。
13. A 【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“你知道下周________吗,莉莉?”“如果不下雨,我们就去。”宾语从句中从句需用陈述句语序,故排除B项;再由句意可知,C、D项中的连接词与句意不符。故选A。
14. C 【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“你可以告诉我________”“可以啊。我可以在国外学习。”宾语从句应用陈述句语序,故排除A、D项;根据时间状语at present可知此处为一般现在时。故选C。
15. B 【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“你知道________?”“当然知道。它将在北京和张家口举办。” 宾语从句中从句用陈述句语序。根据答语“在北京和张家口举办”可知是询问城市。故选B。
16. C 【解析】考查状语从句的引导词。句意:小明,你上学就要迟到了________你快点。after在……后;though尽管;unless除非;before在……之前。由语境可知选C。
17. B 【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“这种药的最新研究是什么?”“科学家认为________。”根据空前believes相信,可知宾语从句在陈述事实,需用that来引导陈述句,时态为一般现在时。故选B。
18. A 【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“我想知道________。”“当然可以。我马上就去做。”宾语从句中需用陈述句语序,故排除选项B和C。选项D应该添加if或者whether才可以,故选A。
19. A 【解析】考查宾语从句。句意:我不相信________除非我看到你所做的。宾语从句需用陈述语序,可排除B、D项。根据句意可知我不相信你所说的可排除C项,故选A。
20. B 【解析】考查if引导的从句。句意“莉莉想知道,明天你是否________野餐。”“当然去。但是如果下雨,我们就去跳舞。”第一个if引导宾语从句,宾语从句要用陈述语序,主句用了一般现在时,从句中有tomorrow,就要用一般将来时;第二个if引导条件状语从句,主句用一般将来时,从句要用一般现在时,主语it是第三人称单数,动词用单三形式,故选B。
21. C 【解析】考查定语从句的关系词。句意“一带一路”是习近平主席的建议,那将给世界上许多国家提供大量的发展机会。从句意可知,空格后的句子是一个定语从句。who关系代词,先行词是人;whose关系代词,先行词是人或事物,所有格形式,后跟名词;that关系代词,先行词是人/事物;what连接代词或疑问词,不引导定语从句。“suggestion”是一个表示事物的名词,应该使用关系代词“that”来引导从句。故选C。
22. A 【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“你能告诉我________澳大利亚?”“当然可以,下周。”从“next week”可知,第一句应该询问的是时间,排除选项C和D。空格处是一个宾语从句,应用陈述句语序,排除选项B。故选A。
23. C 【解析】考查定语从句的关系词。句意“Lucy,你喜欢哪种音乐?”“我喜欢安静且柔和的音乐。”先行词是music是物,需用which(that)引导定语从句,故选C。
24. B 【解析】考查宾语从句。句意:你想象不出来当学生们在儿童节收到这么漂亮的礼物的时候,________。此处应填的是imagine的宾语,应用陈述语序且为感叹句结构:how + 形容词/副词 +主语 +谓语。故选B。
25. B 【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“你知道明天________吗?”“对不起,我不知道。你可以上网查一下天气预报。”分析句子可知动词“know”之后是一个宾语从句,应该使用陈述句语序,排除选项A和C。又从“tomorrow”可知,这里谈论的是明天的天气,宾语从句应使用一般将来时,故选B。
26. B 【解析】考查宾语从句引导词和语序。句意“你介意告诉我________?”“当然,它产于中国。”根据答语可知是问地点,可知疑问词用where,宾语从句的语序应用陈述句,故选B。
27. A 【解析】考查宾语从句引导词。句意“打扰一下,我想知道________。”“是的。这儿有。”宾语从句的语序为陈述语序,B、C选项是疑问句语序;what是疑问代词,应位于句首,排除D项,且根据答语可知应是想知道是否有……。故选A。
28.D 【解析】考查宾语从句的引导词和语序。句意“先生,我想知道________。”“在下午8点钟。”根据答语可知是询问时间,引导词用when,宾语从句的语序用陈述句的语序,故选D。
29.D 【解析】考查状语从句。句意“把你的词典借给简可以吗?”“当然可以。她________回来我________借给她。”根据句意可知表示一……就……。故选D。
30. B 【解析】考查状语从句。句意为:你可以任意使用这个房间,________你事后把它打扫干净。so far as就……而言;so long as=as long as表示唯一条件“只要”;in case以防,万一;even if 即使,尽管。根据句意可知只要之后把房间收拾干净就可以使用房间。故选B。
31. C 【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“你知道________吗?”“河北,这是中国新设立的经济特区。”此处应填的是know的宾语,应用陈述语序;根据答语Hebei可知,是问地点。故选C。
32. A 【解析】考查状语从句引导词。句意:________我将要离开学校时,Bruce喊住我,所以我停下来等他。when当……时,与延续性动词或非延续性动词连用;unless除非;while当……时,与延续性动词连用;after在……之后。leave是非连续性动词,要用when。故选A。
33. B 【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“你能告诉我________?”“通过看英语电影。”宾语从句的结构为:主语+谓语+连接词+从句,从句在要用陈述句;根据答语“通过看英语电影”可知,是在问方式。故选B。
34. A 【解析】考查定语从句。句意“你在国外购物时怎么支付?”“通过使用支付宝,________非常简单,安全。”先行词是Alipay是物,需用which/that引导定语从句,故选A。
35. A 【解析】考查状语从句的时态。句意:我一________作业就去打扫卫生。as soon as 引导的时间状语从句遵循“主将从现”,故选A。
36. A 【解析】考查定语从句的关系代词。句意:摩拜单车是一种流行的自行车共享服务,给我们的生活带来便利。先行词是service是物,需用which/that引导定语从句,故选A。
37. A 【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“爱丽丝已经建了一个微信群。你能告诉我________ ?”“对我们来说,彼此交流更方便。”宾语从句的语序是陈述语序,可排除选项B;根据答语“对我们来说,彼此交流更方便”可知,是在问微信群的用途。故选A。
38. D 【解析】考查状语从句。句意为:________Peter的朋友邀请他来昆明时,他很兴奋。此题考查状语从句,只有when引导的时间状语从句符合题意。故选D。
39. C 【解析】考查状语从句。句意:为了使你的手工作品完美,你最好在准备好所有的工具________再开始。when当……时候;while当……时候;before在……之前;after在……之后。这四个连词都可以引导时间状语从句。由句意可知。此处表示在准备好工具前不要开始。可知选C。故选C。
 


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