小学语文 小学数学 小学英语 中学语文 中学数学 中学英语 物理试卷 化学试卷 政治试卷 历史试卷 其他试卷 生地试卷


位置: 莲山课件 >> 试题 >> 期末复习 >> 正文

2018年中考英语二轮复习语法练习专题十三:简单句

(编辑:佚名 日期:2018-5-16)
本资料为WORD文档,请点击下载地址下载
专题十三 简单句
1. (2017武汉)—Do you think I could borrow your pencil?
—________.
A. Yes, you may borrow                  B. Yes, you could
C. Yes, go on                           D. Yes, help yourself
2. (2017梧州)—Most of us have all worked very hard over the last three years.
—Yes. ________ unusual journey we have!
A. How                               B. What
C. How an                             D. What an
3. (2017西宁)—________ excellent work you have done!
—It's very kind of you to say so.
A. What                            B. How
C. What an                         D. How an
4. (2017广东)—Is there any outdoor learning in your school?
—________. We learn outdoors once or twice every month.
A. Yes, there is                      B. No, there isn’t
C. Yes, it is                         D. No, it isn’t
5. (2017黔南)There ________ an NBA match on TV this weekend.
A. will play                         B. is going to be
C. will have                         D. is going to have
6. (2017黔南)—Summy ate nothing for breakfast this morning, ________?
—No, because she had a stomachache.
A. isn’t she                          B. was she
C. didn’t she                         D. did she
7. (2017宜昌)—People choose high­speed train or self­driving to travel on holidays.
—________ fast the traditional travel ways change!
A. What a       B. How      C. What       D. How a
8. (2017孝感)—________ will you ask for help when you are in trouble?
—My parents. I think.
A. Who        B. What       C. Where     D. When
9. (2017毕节)—________ have you felt like this?
—Three days.
A. How long                           B. How often
C. How much                          D. How many
10. (2017六盘水)—________ is it from Liupanshui to Guiyang?
—It's about 300 kilometers.
A. How much                         B. How many
C. How soon                          D. How far
11. (2017武威)Boys and girls, ________ learning and have fun!
A. keep                              B. to keep
C. keeping                            D. kept
12. (2017武威)There ________ a basketball game between these two grades in the gym this afternoon.
A. will                              B. is going to have
C. is going to be                      D. will have
13. (2017贵阳改编)—I've never been to Disneyland, Judy.
—________
A. So have I.                         B. Neither am I.
C. Neither have I.                     D. So I have.
14. (2017青海改编)There ________ a volleyball game between China and Brazil on TV this evening.
A. is                               B. was
C. will be                           D. will have
15. (2017青海改编)—I wonder ________ you can finish the task.
—In two weeks.
A. how soon                        B. how long
C. how often                       D. how much
16. (2017昆明盘龙区二模)—People in Kunming can travel to many places on a high­speed train now.
—________ good news it is!
A. How                          B. What an
C. What                          D. What a
17. (2017昆明盘龙区二模)—Is there a pencil and two books in the backpack?
—________. I find nothing in it.
A. No, there isn’t                   B. Yes, there is
C. No, it isn’t                      D. No, there aren’t
18. (2017昆明官渡区一模)—I really miss my home.
—As the saying goes, “There ________ no place like home.”
A. be           B. am              C. is       D. are
19. (2017昆明盘龙区二模)—________?
—I'm going to study math hard.
A. What are you going to be
B. When are you going to start
C. Are you going to be an engineer
D. How are you going to do that
20. (2017昆明盘龙区一模)—________ day it is!
—Let’s go out and enjoy the sunshine!
A. What a lovely                     B. How windy
C. What a rainy                      D. How wet
21. (2017昆明五华区二模)The robot can help me sweep the floor. ________ smart invention it is!
A. What a                           B. What an
C. What                             D. How
22. (2017大理统考)—Don't be late for school again, ________?
—Sorry, I won't.
A. are you                          B. will you
C. do you                          D. did you
23. (2017曲靖麒麟区二模)—What ________ the number of the students in your school?
—About two thousand. A number of them ________ from the countryside.
A. is; are                           B. is; is
C. are; is                           D. are; are
24. (2017昭通昭阳区二模)If you don't want to go cycling around the lake, ________.
A. so do I                          B. so will I
C. neither do I                      D. neither will I
25. (2017曲靖陆良模拟)—Kunming is a really comfortable city to live in.
—________. The weather is pleasant.
A. So it is                         B. So is it
C. So it does                       D. So does it
26. (2017大理模拟)—Excuse me. Are those Mary's books?
— ________. They are hers.
A. Yes, they are                     B. No, they aren’t 
C. Yes, they do                     D. No, they don’t
27. (2017昆明三中模拟)—Do you like Chinese?
—________
A. I like it.                        B. Yes, I don’t like it.
C. No, I like it.                     D. Yes, I like it.
28. (2018原创) ________    important suggestion you gave me yesterday. I solved the problem successfully.
A. What an                        B. What a  
C. How a                          D. How
29. (2018原创)Both Li Lei and Han Meimei ________ fond of the TV program A Bite of China.
A. is               B. am        C. was        D. are
30. (2018原创)Dr. Smith, together with his wife and daughters, ________ visit Beijing this summer.
A. is going to                      B. are going to
C. was going to                    D. were going to
31. (2018原创)There ________ any water in the glass. Let's go and get some.
A. isn’t           B. is         C. aren’t       D. are
32. (2018原创) ________ dangerous it is to ride on a busy road!
A. What                          B. What a 
C. How                          D. How a
33. (2018预测)—Let's take a walk after supper, ________?
—Good idea!
A. shall we                        B. will you
C. will we                        D. are you
34. (2018预测)—________  is your new English teacher?
—The woman in red dress over there.
A. Who        B. Why      C. What        D. When
35. (2018预测)Taking pictures ________ very interesting. I often go to the park to take photos in my spare time.
A. is          B. are        C. to be        D. be
36. (2018预测)—________ bad weather it is! We can't go boating on the Cuihu Park.
—Don’t worry. Let’s go to the Science Museum instead.
A. What an                             B. How   
C. How a                              D. What
37. (2018预测)The opinions of experts ________ that three hours of outdoor exercise a week ________good for one's health.
A. show; are                          B. shows; is
C. show; is                           D. shows; are
38. (2018预测)—What are you going to do this weekend?
—My classmates as well as our teacher ________ going to climb Mount Tai.
A. is          B. are       C. am        D. were
39. (2018预测)There are few students in the park, ________?
A. are there                           B. are they
C. aren’t there                         D. aren’t they
40. (2018预测)—There ________ a lot of meat on the plate. Would you like some?
—Just a little, please.
A. is        B. are        C. am          D. be
41. (2018预测)—Please bring your homework to school tomorrow, Steven.
—OK, I ________.
A. will     B. won’t        C. do        D. don’t
42. (2018预测)________ hard and you'll succeed sooner or later.
A. Study                           B. To study
C. Studying                         D. Studied
43. (2018预测)—________ does those books cost you?
—About 20 dollars.
A. How long                     B. How soon
C. How often                    D. How much
44. (2018预测)—I didn’t go swimming yesterday
afternoon.
—________. I had to clean up my bedroom.
A. So did I                     B. Neither did I
C. Neither I did                 D. So I did
45. (2018预测)Growing up is not easy, so ________ calm when you're facing trouble in life.
A. keep        B. to keep       C. keeping       D. kept
46. (2018预测)—________ does he take this medicine?
—Twice a day.
A. How soon                   B. How long
C. How much                  D. How often
47. (2018预测)—I like history very much.
—________ It’s my favorite subject in school.
A. So do I.                    B. So I do.
C. Neither do I.                D. Neither I do.
48. (2018预测)—Mum, ________ no milk and eggs in the fridge.
—Oh, I’ll go and buy some later.
A. it is                         B. there is
C. there are                     D. they are
49. (2018预测)There ________ a pencil­box, two books and some flowers on the desk.
A. is           B. are         C. has       D. have
1. B 【解析】考查一般疑问句的答语。句意“你认为我可以借你的铅笔吗?”“  ________  。”对一般疑问句could I,答语应带有could。故选B。
2. D 【解析】考查感叹句。句意“我们中许多人过去三年来都非常努力学习。”“是啊,我们拥有________非同寻常的旅程啊!”感叹句有两种基本句型:What + (a/an) + (形容词) +名词+(主语+谓语);How +形容词/副词+ (主语+谓语)本句的中心词是名词journey,unusual是以元音音素开头的单词,并且是指一场旅行。故选D。
3. A 【解析】考查感叹句。句意“你做了________了不起的工作呀!”“你那样说真是太感谢了。”本句的中心词是名词work,需用what引导,排除B、D;因work不可数名词,其前不能加冠词,排除C。故选A。
4. A 【解析】考查there be句型。句意“你们学校有户外学习吗?”“________。我们每个月有一到二次户外学习。”这是一个包含there be的疑问句,根据后面的答语可知回答应是肯定的。there be句型肯定回答为there is/are,故选A。
5. B 【解析】考查there be句型。句意为:这个周末________一场NBA比赛。由句意可知,这里表示“存在……,有……”,应用there be句型,由时间状语this weekend可知应为一般将来时。其一般将来时态的结构为there is going to be,因此排除A、C、D。故选B。
6. D 【解析】考查反意疑问句。句意为“萨米今天早上早饭什么也没有吃,________?”“不,因为她胃痛。”反意疑问句遵循“前肯后否,前否后肯”的规则,从本句前面陈述句中nothing知,这个陈述句为否定句,后面的问句则用肯定句,排除A、C;从前面陈述句中的谓语动词是ate知,后面的问句用did帮助提问,排除B。故选D。
7. B 【解析】考查感叹句。句意“人们在假日选择乘高铁或自驾旅游。”“传统旅游方式转变得________快啊!”感叹句型为What+(a/an)+adj.+n+主语+谓语;How+adj./adv.+主语+谓语。根据空后句子可知此处填How,故选B。
8. A 【解析】考查疑问词词义辨析。句意“当你遇到麻烦时你会向________寻求帮助?”“我觉得会向我的父母。”Who谁,提问人物身份;What什么;Where哪儿,提问地点;When什么时候,提问时间。答语回答的是人,所以问句应是提问人,故选A。
9. A 【解析】考查How词组辨析。句意“你(感觉)这样有________?”“三天。”How long多长距离,多长时间;How often多久一次;How much多少钱,多少(修饰不可数名词);How many多少(修饰可数名词)。答语为时间段“Three days.”,可推知问句应询问这样的状态多久了。故选A。
10. D 【解析】考查How词组辨析。句意“从六盘水到贵阳是________?”“大约300公里。”How much多少,对金钱或不可数名词的数量提问;How many多少,对可数名词的数量提问;How soon多久,对由“in +时间段”短语提问;How far多远,对路程提问。从答语意思知,这里问的是“路程”。故选D。
11. A 【解析】考查祈使句的用法。句意:孩子们,________学习,玩得开心。肯定祈使句以动词原形开头。故选A。
12. C 【解析】考查there be结构句型。句意:今天下午在体育馆里这两个年级之间________一场篮球赛。根据提示词this afternoon可知比赛还未进行,故用一般将来时。there be 与have 不能同时使用。故选C。
13. C 【解析】考查倒装句。句意“朱迪,我从没去过迪士尼乐园。”“________”由语境可知,此处表达“我也没过去”的含义,且分析选项可知,这是一个完全倒装的句子,即:引导词+助动词/系动词/情态动词+主语。Neither引导表否定的倒装句,且由I've never been...知此处应用助动词have。故选C。
14. C 【解析】考查there be结构句型。句意:今晚电视上________一场中国队与巴西队的排球比赛。根据提示词this evening可知比赛还未进行,故用there be句型的一般将来时形式。故选C。
15. A 【解析】考查how词组辨析。句意“我想知道________你能完成这项工作。”“两周之内。”根据题干提示In two weeks“两周之内”,可知问“多久时间”,用词组how soon。故选A。
16 .C 【解析】考查感叹句的用法。句意“现在昆明人可以乘坐高铁去很多地方旅游。”“这是________好的消息!”中心词是名词news,因此感叹词用what,news为不可数名词,故选C。
17. A 【解析】考查there be句型。句意“背包中有一支铅笔和两本书吗?”“________。我什么也没有找到。”显然为否定回答,且根据there be问句中的be动词is,否定答语用isn't,故选A。
18. C 【解析】考查there be句型。句意“我真的想念我家。”“正如谚语所说‘没有地方像家一样。'”there be句型中be随主语的变化而变化,分析句子的结构可知此句的主语为no place,而且这句话为一个谚语,所以应用一般现在时,故选C。
19. D 【解析】考查特殊疑问句。句意“________?”“我打算努力学习数学。”A项:你打算成为什么;B项:你什么时候开始;C项:你将成为一名工程师吗;D项:你打算怎样做。显然问句是特殊疑问句,排除选项C,答语没有涉及时间问题,排除选项B。从答句句意可知选D。故选D。
20. A 【解析】 考查感叹句。句意“________天气啊!”“咱们出去享受阳光吧!”根据中心词day可知感叹词应用What。根据下文语境出去享受阳光可知天气好,故选A。
21. A 【解析】考查感叹句的表达。句意“机器人能帮助我扫地。________聪明的发明啊!”分析句子结构可知中心词为invention,故用what引导感叹句,且invention为可数名词单数,故选A。
22. B 【解析】考查祈使句的反意疑问句。句意“不要再次上学迟到,________?”“对不起,我不会了。”否定祈使句的反义疑问句为will you,故选B。
23. A 【解析】考查主谓一致的用法。句意“你们学校学生的数量________多少? ”“大约两千。他们中许多人________农村。”“the number of+复数名词”意为“……的数量”,作主语时谓语动词用单数;“a number of+复数名词或代词”意为“许多,大量……”,作主语时谓语动词用复数。因此,第一个空应该使用“is”,第二个空应该使用“are”,故选A。
24. D 【解析】考查倒装句。句意:如果你不想环湖骑车,________。根据“If you don't want to go cycling around the lake”可知,上句是一个否定句,下句要表示“也一样不”应该使用“neither”,排除选项A和B。又因“if”引导的条件状语从句,从句使用一般现在时代替一般将来时,主句使用一般将来时。因此“neither”一句应使用一般将来时。所以,“neither will I”符合题意。故选D。
25. A 【解析】考查情景交际。句意“昆明真是一座适宜居住的城市。”“________,昆明气候宜人”。此处应指确实如此,结构为so+主语+系动/助动词/情态动词。由于句中的谓语动词是is,所以应填So it is。故选A。
26. A 【解析】考查一般疑问句的答语。句意:“打扰一下,那些是玛丽的书本吗?”“________,是她的。”一般疑问句作肯定回答,先说yes,然后用主语/代词+be动词/情态动词/助动词(肯定的)的结构;作否定回答时,先说no,然后用主语/代词+be动词/情态动词/助动词(否定的)的结构,根据句意及题干分析此题应是肯定回答,故选A。
27. D 【解析】考查一般疑问句的答语。句意“你喜欢语文吗?”“________”因为问句是以do开头的一般疑问句,只能用yes或no来回答,用yes后用肯定形式,no后面用否定形式,故选D。
28. A 【解析】考查感叹句。句意:你昨天给我________重要的建议啊!我成功解决了这个问题。分析句子结构可知此处感叹的中心词是suggestion,且important是以元音音素开头的。故选A。
29. D 【解析】考查主谓一致。句意:李雷和韩梅梅都喜欢《舌尖上的中国》这个电视节目。both...and连接两个主语,谓语动词用复数。故选D。
30. A 【解析】考查主谓一致和时态。句意:史密斯博士,和他的妻子女儿,这个夏天________参观北京。当主语后出现together with/as well as等介词短语时,谓语动词的数与介词短语前的主语保持一致,故可排除B、D两项;根据时间状语this summer可知应用一般将来时态。故选A。
31. A 【解析】考查there be句型。句意:杯子里________水了,我们再取一些吧。water是不可数名词,排除C,D两项。再根据“ Let's go and get some.”可知表否定。故选A。
32. C 【解析】考查感叹句。句意:在交通繁忙的路上骑自行车________危险啊!此处中心词为形容词dangerous,所以应用How修饰,How感叹句结构为How+adj./adv.+主语+谓语,故选C。
33. A 【解析】考查反意疑问句。句意“让我们晚饭后散散步吧,________?”“好主意!”Let's 其反意疑问句用shall we表示,Let us 其反意疑问句用will you表示。故选A。
34. A 【解析】考查特殊疑问词词义辨析。句意“________是你的新英语老师?”“那边穿红色裙子的那位。”根据答语可知表示提问谁。故选A。
35. A 【解析】考查主谓一致。句意:拍照非常有意思,我经常在我空闲时间去公园拍照。动名词做主语时谓语动词用单数。故选A。
36. D 【解析】考查感叹句。句意“天气________糟糕啊,我们不能去翠湖公园划船了!”“不必担心,我们去科学博物馆吧。”本题的中心词是weather。且weather是不可数名词。故选D。
37. C 【解析】本题考查主谓一致。句意:专家们的意见________每周三个小时的户外运动对一个人的身体健康有好处。第一空的主语是the opinions,故用动词复数形式show;第二空是不可数名词exercise作主语,故用is。故选C。
38. B 【解析】考查主谓一致。句意“这周末你要做什么?”“我的同学们和我们老师将要去爬泰山。”主语有as well as时,谓语动词与前面的主语保持一致。且My classmates是复数。故选B。
39. A 【解析】考查there be的反义疑问句。句意:公园里几乎没有学生,________?there be句型的反义疑问句遵循“前否后肯,前肯后否”,few表否定。故选A。
40. A 【解析】考查there be句型和主谓一致。句意“盘子里________很多肉,你要一些吗?”“一点点。”there be 句型遵循“就近原则”,meat是不可数名词。故应用is。故选A。
41. A 【解析】考查祈使句的用法。句意“史蒂芬,明天请把你的作业带到学校来。”“好的,________。”祈使句的答语肯定用will,否定用won't。根据句意可知表示会的。故选A。
42. A 【解析】考查祈使句的用法。句意:努力________,你迟早会成功。祈使句肯定形式以动词原形开头。故选A。
43. D 【解析】考查how词组辨析。句意“这些书花了你________?”“大约20美金。”How long多长;How soon多久(将来时); How often提问频率;How much 多少,多钱。根据答语“About 20 dollars.”可知选D。故选D。
44. B 【解析】考查倒装句。句意“我昨天下午没有去游泳。”“________,我必须打扫我的卧室。”当前句是否定句时,且前面主语所做的事情同样也适合后者,就用“neither+be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”这种结构。句子的时态要________一致,故选B。
45. A 【解析】考查祈使句。句意:成长是不容易的,因此当你在生活中面对麻烦的时候要保持冷静。分析句子结构可知本句是一个祈使句,祈使句应用动词原形开头,故选A。
46. D 【解析】考查how词组辨析。句意“他________服用这个药?”“一天两次。”How soon多久(将来时);How long多长;How much多少,多钱;How often提问频率。根据答语“一天两次”可知选D。故选D。
47. A 【解析】考查倒装句。句意“我非常喜欢历史。”“________,它是我在学校里最喜欢的一科。”So+主语+谓语表示强调,译为确实……,其主语与前陈述句的主语相同;So+谓语+主语,译为我也……,其主语与前陈述句的主语不同;根据句意及题干分析,这里表达的是“我也是”。前句谓语是行为动词,主语是I,在这里用助动词do,故选A。
48. B 【解析】考查There be句型的用法。句意“妈妈,冰箱里________牛奶和鸡蛋了。”“噢,我晚点去买一些。”There be句型中be的形式与其后面最近的名词的单复数保持一致,本题中的milk 为不可数名词,所以谓语动词用单数形式,故选B。
49. A 【解析】考查There be句型。句意为:桌子上________一个文具盒,两本书和一些花。There be句型遵循就近原则,空格后是“a pencil­box”,所以用is。故选A。


相关试卷:

  • 2018年中考英语二轮复习语法练习专题十五:情景交际
  • 2018年中考英语二轮复习语法练习专题十四:复合句
  • 2018年中考英语二轮复习语法练习专题十:非谓语动词
  • 2018中考英语二轮复习语法练习专题九:情态动词
  • 2018中考英语二轮复习语法练习专题十一:动词的时态
  • 2018年中考二轮复习语法练习专题十二:动词的语态
  • 2018年中考英语二轮复习语法练习专题八:动词及动词短语
  • 2018中考英语语法简单句(陈述句疑问句反意疑问句感叹句祈使句倒…
  • 2015中考英语句子成分二轮复习题(含答案)

  • 上一篇:
  • 上一个试题:

  • 下一篇:
  • 下一个试题: